18 September 2014
CLICK FOR LATEST ADDED Unemployment: JSA claimants in Cornwall August 2014
In this ongoing post I bring together data about Cornwall from various sources so that it is more readily accessible. Much is already posted at scattered places on this blog of course. All the data refers only to Cornwall and its parts (and sometimes includes and sometimes excludes the Isles of Scilly). Sources are given in square brackets; I have also included some website addresses, though these may change, so that you can explore the data for yourself. Explanatory notes with the original data are important for understanding.
Abortions |Affordable housing |Antidepressant prescribing | Average pay |Bedroom tax in Cornwall |Benefit costs in Cornwall |Cancer services | Children born in Cornwall | Civil partnerships registered in Cornwall |Classroom assistants in Cornwall schools | Cornwall Council pay | Cornwall Council employment | Cornwall disability services cuts | Council tax arrears in Cornwall | Council tax benefit recipients in Cornwall | Cornwall MPs’ expenses and allowances | Cornwall health spending | Deprivation in Cornwall |Education maintenance allowance(EMA) | Electors in Cornwall | Empty dwellings | Free school meals | Fuel poverty | GDP AND GVA | Housing benefits | House repossessions | Housing waiting lists | Landfill in Cornwall | Land use in Cornwall | Life expectancy in Cornwall | Looked-after children in Cornwall | Miscellaneous | National lottery in Cornwall | Not in education, employment, or training | Pensioners in Cornwall | Place survey 2008 | Population of Cornwall | Pupil funding | Pupil premium in Cornwall | Religion in Cornwall at 2011 census | School place appeals in Cornwall | Schoolteachers | Second homes | Smoking mothers in Cornwall | Social class in Cornwall | Sure Start | Teenage pregnancies in Cornwall | Unemployment: JSA claimants | Uncollected domestic and non-domestic local taxes | University College Falmouth: socio-economic background of students |Water and sewerage bills | Wind farm capacity factor in Cornwall 2009 |
For the area of the Cornwall clinical commissioning group (NHS Kernow) there were 1161 abortions in 2012 (Table 10a), a rate of 13.3 per 1000 women resident here aged 15-44 (see Table 10a here. For England for 2012 the rate was 16.6 per 1000 (Table 10b).
In 2012/13 745 additional affordable dwellings were provided in Cornwall. These were made up of: 159 for social rent, 153 for affordable rent, 21 for intermediate rent, and 421 for affordable purchase in Department for works and pensions table 1011 (https://www.gov.uk/government/statistical-data-sets/live-tables-on-affordable-housing-supply).
Number of antidepressant items prescribed per GP practice in Cornwall per 1000 people (third quarter 2012/13: 185-225, that is the third quartile where the first quartile is least prescriptions in England). Source: Focus on: antidepressant prescribing(Nuffield Trust and Health Foundation, May 2014)
£22 246 at April 2013, (median, annual, gross, fulltime, all workers, by Cornwall residence; the England comparative median was £27 375. [ONS, ASHE 2013, Table 8.7a]. The annual mean average pay (gross, fulltime, all workers by Cornwall residence, Table 8.7a) was £26 239.
There are various ways of measuring average pay, eg mean and median average, male and female and both, fulltime and part time, by place of work and by place of residence, by local authority and by constituency, weekly pay and annual pay. Figures for median average pay tend to be less than for mean average.
ASHE Annual survey of hours and earnings here .
The updated (February 2014) figures for the bedroom tax in Cornwall as at November 2013 are:
Total number of claimants of housing benefit: 43 093
Claimants whose social rent housing benefit has been reduced: 2729
Average weekly benefit reduction: £13.51
(The reduction is applied only to relevant tenants in social housing. Housing benefit claimants are 21 152 tenants in private housing and 21 946 in social housing. The totals do not sum because of rounding.) SOURCE: Housing benefit caseload statistics December 2013
BENEFIT COSTS IN CORNWALL
In 2011/12 the costs (in £millions) of various benefits and allowances in Cornwall were:
Total £1479.4 million, made up of -
Attendance allowance £ 55.1 million, Bereavement/widows benefit 5.1, Carers allowance 16.4, Council tax benefit 46.5, Diability living allowance (DLA) 121.0, Employment and support allowance (ESA) 31.4, Housing benefit 178.0, Incapacity benefit 46.2, Income support 54.3, Job seekers allowance (JSA) 30.4, Pension credit 83.0, Severe disablement allowance 8.0, State pension 780.1, Winter fuel payments (WFP) 24.0. The total of these figures is in England 2011/12 was £131803 million. SOURCE Department of work and pensions (https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/benefit-expenditure-by-local-authority).
The second annual report on some cancer services and outcomes was published by the Department of Health on 1 December 2009. It includes data for Cornwall and Isles of Scilly primary care trust and the Royal Cornwall Hospitals Trust (RCHT) on pages 29, 46, and 67.
CHILDREN BORN IN CORNWALL
The ONS publishes the details for England and Wales of the numbers of live births to mothers who themselves were born in the United Kingdom or born outside the United Kingdom in each year. The figures for Cornwall (excluding the Isles of Scilly), with much lower percentages than for England as a whole, for the first and last years of the series are:
2008: 5423 live births, 92.4 percent of which were to mothers born inside the UK
2001: 4463 live births, 94.5 percent of which were to mothers born in the UK.
In 2010 there were 5558 live births in Cornwall: see table 1a ONS here.
The data is in tables 3a-3h on this ONS website which also gives separate figures for each of the former districts in Cornwall. [ONS]
Civil partnerships registered in Cornwall by year:
Sources: Lords Hansard 6 June 2011 column WA 15-16 (for years 2005-09) and ONS Civil partnership formations, Table 3.1 (for years 2008-2011)
CORNWALL COUNCIL EMPLOYMENT
The number of people employed by Cornwall Council was 20 994 (31 December 2009) and 16 367 (30 September 2011) [Graham Smith's blog 20 January 2012 here.]
CORNWALL COUNCIL PAY
Some details of the total pay of the council’s employees getting at least £100 000 pa are summarised in Town hall rich list by the Taxpayers Alliance, 17 March 2011. Table 3 shows thirty two employees of Cornwall Council getting £100 000 pa or more in remuneration, including employer’s pension contributions, in 2009/10. This makes Cornwall, with Newcastle on Tyne, the council with the highest number of employees over this benchmark for the year.
CORNWALL DISABILITY SERVICES CUTS
A survey by Demos and Scope of how 152 local authorities in England are handling cuts to disability services puts Cornwall Council at 11th out of 152 (where 1st is best).
CORNWALL HEALTH SPENDING
In 2011-2012 the total revenue funding of Cornwall and Isles of Scilly (CIOS) primary care trust is £916.136 million. This is an increase of 3.1 percent over 2010-2011. The CIOS percapita funding is £1687 pa for 2011-2012. For England trusts as a whole the percapita spending is £1693, an increase of 3 .0 percent over 2010-2011. [See Department for health Exposition book 2011-2012. (scroll to the Exposition book). Also seeHansard 5 April 2011 column829W for net data.]
These are now published by the Independent parliamentary standards authority (IPSA) here.
At 31 March 2011 the total outstanding council tax arrears in Cornwall was
£12 877 000 [DEP2012-1047 of 25 June 2012]
At March 2012 the number of council tax benefit recipients in Cornwall was 54 170 (April 2011: 52 490). At January 2011 the recipients by Cornwall constituency were:
Camborne and Redruth 9760. North Cornwall 8130. South East Cornwall 7810. St Austell and Newquay 9870. St Ives (including Isles of Scilly) 9200. Truro and Falmouth 7800. [ DWPAdditional tables, updated regularly]
The IMD of 2007 show Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly at 69th out of 142 ‘counties, cities, and London boroughs’ in England, where 1st is the most deprived. The IMD puts the Cornwall and Isles of Scilly primary care trust (CIOS) area at 74th out of 152 trust areas where 1st is the most deprived.The IMD of 2010 show Cornwall unitary authority at 110 out of 326 local authorities (rank of average score).
The IMD 2007 give these results for the former districts of Cornwall out of 354 districts in England, the score 1st is the most deprived: Penwith 36th, Kerrier 86th, Restormel 89th, North Cornwall 96th, Carrick 120th, and Caradon 156th. The IMD 2010 do not include the former districts of Cornwall, by then abolished.
IMD deprivation varies vastly across Cornwall and the measurements for 32 482 subwards in England which are available show this clearly.
The Health Observatory website here has some deprivation data for Cornwall too. Also look at the data above for free school meals in Cornwall.
The estimate of the End Child Poverty campaign for mid-2010 was that 19 percent of children in Cornwall live in poverty, below the England average: read their definition. Data for Cornwall wards is given.
EDUCATION MAINTENANCE ALLOWANCE
At August 2011 there were 7647 recipients of the England education education allowance (EMA) in Cornwall. This is for 16-18 year olds to encourage them to stay on at school or college. EMA has since been abolished. [Source: Young people's learning agency]
See this post of 27 January 2012 for details of the England bursary scheme and the Cornwall bursary scheme.
There were 9522 empty dwellings in Cornwall at 5 October 2010. Figures for previous years were October 2009: 9407; October 2008 for the six districts: 9012. [Hansard 14 May 2009 columns 998W-999W; Empty Homes Agency]
Percentage of primary and nursery pupils eligible for free school meals, January 2011:
England 18.0 (2010: 17.3)
Cornwall 14.1 (2010: 13.0)
Percentage of secondary pupils eligible for free school meals, January 2011:
England 14.6 (2010: 14.2)
Cornwall 10.8 (2010: 10.3)
[Scroll on the Education department web page to the
free school meals tables .]
The relationship of eligibility for free school meals and not gaining any GCSEs above grade D is given in DEP 2009-0918 of 19 March 2009 (Parliamentary Library).
Also see the data for deprivation below.
The percentage of pupils in individual schools eligible for free school meals at January 2009 is given in the Parliamentary Library deposited papers at DEP 2010-0089 for 11 January 2010. Cornwall LA number on the data sheet is 908.
The Department of energy and climate change (DECC) publishes data for households in fuel poverty. There are statistics for the numbers of households in fuel poverty for the six constituencies and 327 subwards in Cornwall in 2010.
Fuel poverty is defined as having to spend more than ten percent of income on a satisfactory heating regime: more details on the DECC website.
In Cornwall as whole in 2009 around 60 000 households were classed as in fuel poverty, about 26 percent of all households; in 2010 the figures were 44 706 and 19.1 percent.
GDP AND GVA
The latest GVA data for Cornwall and the Scillies was published by the ONS on 14 December 2011. Cornwall GVA perhead, current prices by workplace, was £13 129 in 2009. (£13 256 in 2008, £12 681 in 2007) which is 65.6 percent of the UK mean average (64.5 percent in 2008, 63.6 percent in 2007). Details from the ONS for 2009 are here (NUTS 2 subregions).
At March 2012 there were 42 680 recipients of housing benefit in Cornwall (April 2011: 40 590). At January 2011 numbers of recipients by constituency were:
Camborne and Redruth 7310. North Cornwall 6060. South East Cornwall 5910. St Austell and Newquay 8120. St Ives (including the Isles of Scilly) 7070. Truro and Falmouth 6070. [ DWP Additional tables, updated regularly]
In July 2010 there were 39 710 people in Cornwall claiming housing benefit of which 12 840 received local housing allowance, the housing benefit for people not in social/council housing but private rented accommodation. Note that the recipients are ‘benefit units’ who might be a single person or a couple. [Table 2 in DEP2010-1938 of 4 November 2010 in House of Commons library]
There was a total of 820 orders for mortgage and landlord repossessions in Cornwall (unitary authority and the Isles of Scilly) in 2011. The figure for martgage repossession orders only was 360. [Ministry of Justice: http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/statistics-and-data/civil-justice/mortgage-possession.htm%5D
In 2011/12 there were 505 mortgage repossession claims in Cornwall and the rate of repossession claims in Cornwall was 2.4 per 1000 houses; Cornwall was 235th out of 324 England local authorities (where 1 is worst). [Shelter]
HOUSING WAITING LISTS At the end of August 2013 were were about 28 600 households on the Cornwall unitary council housing waiting list. At 1 April 1997 there were 8124. The details from the Department of communities, by district and by years 1997-2012, are in Table 600 here. There are statistics for both the current Cornwall unitary authority and the former shire county. Read the explanation of the figures at the foot of the table. The current Cornwall details are here.
LANDFILL IN CORNWALL
Total municipal waste 324 480 tonnes
Total municipal waste sent to landfill 210 386 tonnes (64.84 percent of total municipal waste)
The average proportion of municipal waste sent to landfill for the 121 unitary and waste disposal authorities in England was 54.42 percent.
[Hansard 26 October 2009 column 50W-54W]
LAND USE IN CORNWALL
Details of land use in Cornwall are available for the six former districts and for wards. The categories are given in square metres for domestic buildings, nondomestic buildings, domestic gardens, roads, rail, paths, greenspace, water, other, and unclassified. The tables are at Census ward levels GLUD 2005 tables. GLUD means Generalised land use database. An explanatory document of the GLUD statistics is here.
LOOKED-AFTER CHILDREN IN CORNWALLAT 31 March 2012 there were 480 (to nearest five) children under eighteen who were in the care of Cornwall local authority. Figures for England were 67 050 (to nearest ten). The data is in Table LAA1 here and covers several past years.
LIFE EXPECTANCY IN CORNWALL
Life expectancy at birth in Cornwall 2009-2011: males 79.2 years, females 83.3 years (England: males 78.9, females 82.9). Cornwall ranks 57 out of 150 local authorities for both male and female life expectancy where 1 is best [ONS, 'Healthy life expectancy at birth for upper tier local authorities']. Healthy life runs at about 80 percent of the total years of life expectancy.
Statistics for Cornish towns is a booklet produced by the Office of National Statistics (ONS). The revised version is dated September 2009. It contains data about deprivation, the number and size of businesses, unemployment, and population. Read it through the South West Observatory here.The South West Observatory website also has other data.
South West Regional Development Agency (SWRDA) (now abolished) published in October 2009 Economic profile: issue 8 which discusses Cornwall’s economy in the recession on pages 20-25. Read it here.
NATIONAL LOTTERY IN CORNWALL
Since the National Lottery began in 1995 and up to September 2011, £265.745 million has been distributed in Cornwall.
Source: Department for culture, media, and sport
NOT IN EDUCATION, EMPLOYMENT, OR TRAINING
The number of young people aged 16-24 in Cornwall who are not in education, employment, or training (NEETS) was 6000 for January-December 2009. This was 12 percent of the age group. The Cornwall percentage is the 23rd lowest of the 148 local authorities listed. For the reliability of the figures, see the original. [Hansard 20 July 2010 column 303W]
PENSIONERS IN CORNWALL
There are about 137 000 old age pensioners in Cornwall (males aged 65 and over, females 60 and over, mid-2010). The full figures, including for both the county and the former districts, are in this zip file on the ONS website. [ONS]
A survey in 2008 by the Department for Communities and Local Government looked at people’s views of the locality and local services. Question 5 asked people how strongly they felt they belonged to their immediate neighbourhood. In the Cornwall area 66.5 percent said fairly or very strongly. This was 53rd out of 353 council areas, the largest percentage being at number 1.
[Department of Communities and Local Government Place survey 2008]
POPULATION OF CORNWALL INCLUDING ELECTORS
The estimated population of Cornwall, excluding the Isles of Scilly, at the 2011 census (27 March 2011) was 532 273.
There are various counts of people in Cornwall.
The Office for national statistics (ONS) has published electoral register statistics. They are up to date up to February 2014.
Cornwall local government electors: 409 639
Cornwall parliamentary electors: 406 887
(Parliamentary electors in Camborne and Redruth 64 769, North Cornwall 63 718, South East Cornwall 68 570, St Austell and Newquay 73 808, St Ives 65 736, Truro and Falmouth 70 286).
Patients registered with GPs in Cornwall and Isles of Scilly(Kernow Clinical Commissioning Group)
Clinical commissioning group population 2012: 555 917
All the electoral register figures include attainers, that is electors who attain the age of eighteen in the months after the compilation of the register.
The mid-year resident population aged 18 and over includes everyone whereas the electoral register includes only those eligible to vote and thus excludes some foreign citizens for example; people who move away are removed from the register but this may not be instantaneous.
The number of GP patients in England has regularly exceeded the population every year since 1961.
Reasons for excess population on GP lists are given here: some patients are registered with more than one practice, some have more than one NHS number, some patients remain on the list after they have died or moved abroad, and the effectiveness of the removal of ex-patients varies.
The per-pupil dedicated schools grant (DSG) for 2011-12 includes various other grants and is now known as GUFS, guaranteed units of funding. For 2011-12 GUFS include the 2010-11 DSG at the same cash level plus the other grants. For 2011-12 Cornwall per pupil GUF is £4663.54, made up of £4042.72 DSG 2010-11 and £620.82 other relevant 2010-11 grants.
Details are here at the excel file GUFS 2011-12.
In terms of per pupil funding for 2011-12 Cornwall is 134th out of 151 authorities (that is at the 12th percentile); seventeen authorities have lower GUF funding than Cornwall. The average England per pupil GUF 2011-12 is £5082.53. Any pupil premium for individual pupils and students is additional to GUF.
The dedicated schools grant (DSG) began in 2006/07 and earlier per pupil allocations are not directly comparable. Before 2006/07 schools were funded largely through the formula grant which, apart from the DSG, is the main grant from central government to local authorities.
PUPIL PREMIUM IN CORNWALL
The pupil premium began in 2011/12. It has three components for deprivation (broadly eligibility for free school meals); military service children; looked-after children.In 2012/13 the amounts for each pupil were increased and the eligibility for the deprivation component was widened.
In 2011/12 10 690 pupils in Cornwall state-funded schools, including academies, qualified for a pupil premium with a total funding of £4.741 million; that is, 16.4 percent of all pupils in those schools. In 2012/13 the provisional figure is 16 050 pupils (24.6 percent) and £9.049 million. [ Department for Education]
RELIGION IN CORNWALL AT 2011 CENSUS
The 2011 census in table QS210EW gave the following: Christians 318 357, 59.8 percent of the population of Cornwall; Other religions 9480, 1.8 percent; No religion 159 080, 29.9 percent; Religion not stated 45 356, 8.5 percent.
SCHOOL PLACE APPEALS IN CORNWALL
In 2007/08 there were 277 appeals by parents against the non-admission of their child to their preferred primary school in Cornwall; 75 were successful. For secondary schools in Cornwall the figures are 405 and 151.
8183 children were admitted to Cornwall primary schools September 2007-January 2008 and 6514 to secondary schools in the same period.
[Department for children, families, and schools: here (scroll to table 3)]
The number of fulltime-equivalent schoolteachers in Cornwall maintained at January 2010 was 2190 in secondary schools and 1930 in nursery and primary schools and 120 in special schools: total 4240 (including 170 unqualified teachers). There were 1490 secondary teaching assistants and other secondary support staff and 2000 primary ones. The school workforce data is here. The cost of employing teachers in Cornwall Council maintained schools for 2008-2009 was £18.87 million and for teaching assistants £4.646 million (Hansard 27 October 2010 column 364W-368W). The average teacher salary in Cornwall in £36 000 in 2009 (website above). All the figures are for fulltime-equivalent staff.
Second homes in Cornwall (excluding Scillies) totalled 14 095 in 2010, 5.6 percent of the housing stock, based on council tax [House of Commons Library DEP2010-2186 of 6 December 2010]. In 2004 there were 13 509 second homes. The DEP data gives district totals and percentages for 2004-2008.
In terms of numbers of second homes in 2008 North Cornwall was 7th out of 354 England authorities, Penwith 15th, Carrick 24th, Caradon 26th, Restormel 30th, and Kerrier 47th. These positions represent numbers of second homes not percentages of housing stock.
The estimated cost of the second homes discount in Cornwall was £2 067 000 [Department for Communities and Local Government local authority council tax database 2011: Parliamentary Library, DEP 2012-0644, 17 April 2012]
SMOKING MOTHERS IN CORNWALL
The Health and social care information centre (HSCIC) publishes quarterly and annual statistics on the number and percentage of mothers who are smoking at the time of delivery. For 2012/13 the Cornwall percentage was 13.8, the England percentage 12.7. See here. The Cornwall and England statistics show a decline in mothers smoking at the time of delivery over the decade. In 2005/06 the Cornwall figure was 19.9 percent.
SOCIAL CLASS IN CORNWALL
The 2011 census in QS611EW, approximate social grade, gives the proportions of people in Cornwalll (aged 16-64 in households) in social groups: AB 18.3 percent, C1 28.7 percent, C2 27.2 percent, DE 25.8 percent. [2011 census, ONS]
SURE START IN CORNWALL
At the end of October 2009 there were thirty seven Sure Start Centres in Cornwall.
[ Hansard 14 December 2009 column 702W]
TEENAGE PREGNANCIES IN CORNWALL
In 2009 there were 292 conceptions to under-18 girls in Cornwall, 30.5 per 1000 girls in Cornwall aged 15-17. In England the average was 38.2 per 1000 (45.5 per 1000 in 1997 in England). [Source: Hansard 12 December 2011 column 517W which gives the data for every primary local authority]
UNEMPLOYMENT: JSA CLAIMANTS
All JSA claimants in Cornwall and Isles of Scilly. August 2014: 4259, 1.3 percent of resident population aged 16-64 (July 2014: 4632, 1.4 percent. August 2013: 6913, 2.1 percent) [ONS Nomis].
Cornwall and Scillies youth claimant count (resident population aged 18-24). August 2014: 1060 (July 2014: 1155. August 2013: 1925) [ONS Nomis]
The 2013 contribution-based jobseekers allowance (JSA) broadly is £71.70 a week for people aged 25 and over 25 and £56.25 a week for people aged 16 to 24. The value of the income-based JSA is different. For details see here.
The jobseekers claimant count is not a measure of unemployment but of people claiming the benefit who must be, inter alia, available for work and actively seeking work.
This website gives details of jobseeker claimant counts over time for Cornwall:
This website gives details of the youth claimant counts over time in Cornwall:
Claimant by constituencies is here:
These are general labour statistics for Cornwall and Scilly:
The latest labour force survey data, a measure of employment/unemployment, is for October 2011-September 2012: http://www.nomisweb.co.uk/reports/lmp/la/1967128581/subreports/ea_time_series/report.aspx
UNCOLLECTED DOMESTIC AND NON-DOMESTIC LOCAL TAXES
For 2009/10 the total of uncollected council tax in Cornwall was £5.967 million (2.5 percent of the total due) and uncollected non-domestic rates £3.635 million (2. 9 percent) [GMB union 22 July 2010]
UNIVERSITY COLLEGE FALMOUTH: SOCIO-ECONOMIC BACKGROUND OF STUDENTS
Socio-economic data about first degree students entering University College, Falmouth in 2008/09 has been published by the Higher education statistics agency (HESA). It is available at the Guardian here: Falmouth is number 35 in the second table or scroll to Download the full spreadsheet where Falmouth is number 44.
31.6 percent of the first degree Falmouth entrants were working class, that is the occupation of the senior working parent was in a routine or manual occupation (groups 4, 5, 6, and 7 in National Statistics: socio-economic classification). The mean average for all England universities was 32.4 percent. The working class made up about 37 percent of the UK population (ONS).
The average bills for the different England companies for 2009/10 to 2013/14 are given in DEP2013-1980 of 9 December 2013. All are lower than South West’s.
WIND FARM CAPACITY FACTOR IN CORNWALL 2009
The nine wind farm developments in Cornwall in 2009 had an average output of 22.37% of their capacity.
[Michael Jefferson, professor of International Business and Sustainability at the London Metropolitan Business School cited here and here.]
WORK CAPABILITY: REASSESSMENT FOR ESA
People assessed as unfit for work are being reassessed. Between October 2010 and July 2011 in England 37 percent were reassessed as fit for work and 63 percent as eligible for employment support allowance (ESA). In Cornwall (excluding the Isles of Scilly) the figures were 34 percent fit for work and 66 percent eligible for ESA. Details are given by the Department for work and pensions in an excel spreadsheet dated 20 April 2012 here.
These data and research pages on the website site of Cornwall unitary council carry very much societal data about Cornwall.
ASHE Annual survey of hours and earnings (http://www.statistics.gov.uk/statBase/product.asp?vlnk=13101)
DEP Deposited parliamentary papers (http://deposits.parliament.uk)
ONS Office for National Statistics
A useful website for understanding local government language is: http://localgovglossary.wikispaces.com/
Health and welfare data for Cornwall is available from Public Health Observatories here.
16 September 2014
The NHS has many components. In this post I am writing about the funding of the clinical commissioning groups of the NHS.
The National Audit Office (NAO) has published the allocation of funding to clinical commissioning groups (CCGs) and local healthcare groups for 2014/15. You can read the NAO full report and allocations here.
Broadly, the CCGs are GP-led replacements for the primary care trusts. There are 211 CCGs in England who from April 2013 commission services for the patients in their area from other parts of the NHS such as hospitals and mental health services – and indeed from any competent health provider outside the NHS.
As I have explained in earlier posts, the finite NHS funding is allocated to the various component geography-based NHS organisations in England based on their different healthcare needs and the size of their populations. Each primary care trust/CCG has a target funding, that is, what it should receive to deliver a standard level of healthcare for its population in their particular circumstances. The allocation of the funding is cursed by historical anomalies. By and large the health authorities do not receive their target funding: some get more; and some less, including in the past Cornwall. In the jargon, measuring the distance from target, some are above target, others below. This was so for the primary care trusts and is now so for the CCGs. The moves to bring all up to their target are slow in order that no overfunded component suffers instability from sudden financial loss.
I looked at the make up of the allocation system and why some healthcare groups did not receive their target funding in the 2010 post Funding health in Cornwall.
Cornwall health funding in the past
There have been repeated complaints in the near past that Cornwall has not received its fair NHS funding, that is, its target funding. In 2011-2012, for example, Cornwall and Isles of Scilly primary care trust was funded 2.2 percent under target. However, 45 trusts were further below their targets in percentage terms than Cornwall. Cornwall was not singled out for below-target funding, was not uniquely unfairly funded. It was not a victim, or at least not a singular victim, though nationalism seldom acknowledges and campaigns for the many others funded below their target or below average in health or any other public field.
In 2014/15 Kernow CCG, which covers Cornwall, is to receive more than its target funding. Its allocation of funds is 6.2 percent above target and in these terms it is better funded than 179 of the 211 CCGs.
109 CCGs receive funding below their target funding in 2014/15, 101 receive more than their target, and one is on target.
And nationalism says …
Anyway, Cornwall is now above target, over funded. What will nationalism say about the 109 underfunded CCGs? Does fair funding in public spending apply only to Cornwall? I think a weakness of nationalism is that it deals only with the parochial and does not lift up its eyes beyond its tribe: it works to parochial not universal principles.
Presenting Cornwall as a victim, short changed, picked on, singled out for unfair treatment by central government, on the wrong side of comparisons with others – the whole train of the piranist grievance agenda – is unconvincing though a staple of Cornish nationalism. The evidence tells against it, life beyond the Tamar shows it to be nonsense, and I shall go on explaining this as long as the nonsense is expressed.
The NAO figures cover not only CCGs but also funding to local area teams for primary care and to local authorities for public health. The CCGs take about 4/5 of the budget for these three local commissioner components.
The Devon, Cornwall, and Isles of Scilly local team is funded above target and the Cornwall local authority for public health is funded below the target.
In part 3 of the NAO full report you can read how the allocations are made.
Previous primary care trust allocations
Recurrent revenue allocations for 151 England primary care trusts 2011/12
Recurrent revenue allocations for 151 England primary care trusts 2012/13
12 September 2014
The other day John Pollard, the leader of Cornwall Council, talking about the funding by central government of rural and urban areas in England, said, “We currently receive less than half the money per head of population than that given to Hackney”.
Even if you think there is an urban/rural imbalance in funding and it should be righted, this is an ill-advised comparison. I’ve noted before simplistic Cornwall comparisons: see here for an MK one.
Anyway, let’s take up the challenge and compare Cornwall and Hackney over several fields.
I have chosen from the numerous fields that show how much more widespread deprivation and poverty are in Hackney than in Cornwall, aspects that should figure in the redistribution of central government funds to local authorities. Disadvantage impacts upon local government spending on services like housing, education, social care, and culture. Of course in some fields Hackney does better but the decider factors of government redistribution point to Hackney worse off than Cornwall. And of course in some fields, for example job seeker’s allowance for the unemployed, the funding is separate from that given directly to local councils. I am trying to show how Hackney suffers wide disadvantage.
I give a link to the online sources at the end of each section; note that at the source there may be other tables presenting information in various ways.
Index of multiple deprivation 2010 (next IMD due 2015)
This is a major measure of deprivation across several components such as income and housing. I have taken the rank of scores where 1 indicates the worst overall deprivation of 326 local authorities:
Hackney 2 (that is, worse than 324 of the 326 local authorities)
Free school meals
Percentage of pupils eligible for and claiming free school meals, January 2014, in state funded nursery and primary schools and secondary school
Cornwall 13.5% in nursery and primary schools, 11.9% in secondary schools
Hackney 30.2% in nursery and primary schools, 33.9% in secondary schools
Cornwall 17% of children in poverty
Hackney 30% of children in poverty
Cornwall wards range from 32.1% to 5.8%, Hackney wards range from 40.6% to 19.9%
Deprivation among pupils
The proportion of pupils eligible for the deprivation pupil premium 2014-2015 (provisional figures):
Cornwall primary pupils 22.5%, secondary 24.2%
Hackney primary pupils 48%, secondary 55.6 %
How many are adversely affected by the bedroom tax? These are the percentages for 9 May 2014, the latest available, of the tenants with housing benefit who have that housing benefit reduced because of the bedroom tax/spare room subsidy and the average weekly amount lost:
Cornwall 6.1%, £14.03
Hackney 8.1%, £21.07
Job seekers allowance
This is a measure of unemployment; the figures are the percentage of men and women aged 18-65 claiming job seeker’s allowance in July 2014:
Source Put in the local authority name
Why does Hackney get more than Cornwall?
Why does Hackney get more? Hmm, I wonder if it’s anything to do with the scale of derivation and poverty and disadvantage that the data in the first part of this post shows? Cornwall is not a victim, unfairly funded in general; there are administrative areas of England worse off than us and they rightly get more government help. As I have explained ages ago, we can home in on particular places of severe disadvantage in Cornwall and elsewhere in England and should certainly help them.
Per pupil funding 2014-2015
Incidentally, the per pupil funding for 2014-2015 shows that 56 England local authorities get less than Cornwall. While some are notably prosperous places, the lesser funded also include places like Plymouth, Bury, and Nottinghamshire. The details are in Appendix B here. Of course Hackney gets noticeably more per pupil than Cornwall but you can understand that now.
Don’t forget to check the original sources to see the smallprint explanations.
Oh, and a post on health funding is on the way. Prepare to be amazed.
Let’s end on good news for some in Cornwall. The Good pub guide 2015 says the average pint of beer in London costs £3.79. In Cornwall it’s £3.19.
The details of the 2014/15 local government funding by central government (the Settlement Funding Assessment)are here. Appendix B shows that Hackney is the highest per-dwelling funded of all the London authorities; several have lower per-dwelling funding than Cornwall.
On 16 September 2014 the Centre for London publishes London’s hollow promise: how the city fails people on modest incomes and what should be done about it, its report on working households in London on low to modest incomes and the housing difficulties and cost of living they face.
11 September 2014
This is an updated list of current prospective parliamentary candidates for Cornwall seats at the 7 May 2015 general election. There are more to be selected and the election’s eight months away so things may change. I have assumed all the present MPs are standing again.
Camborne and Redruth
Conservative: George Eustice MP
Labour: Michael Foster
Liberal Democrat: Julia Goldsworthy
MK: Loveday Jenkin
Conservative: Scott Mann
Green: Amanda Pennington
Liberal Democrat: Dan Rogerson MP
South East Cornwall
Conservative: Sheryll Murray MP
Green: Martin Corney
Liberal Democrat: Phil Hutty
MK: Andrew Long
UKIP: Stephanie McWilliam
St Austell and Newquay
Conservative: Steve Double
Green: Steve Slade
Labour: Deborah Hopkins
Liberal Democrat: Stephen Gilbert MP
St Ives and Isles of Scilly
Conservative: Derek Thomas
Labour: Cornelius Olivier
Liberal Democrat: Andrew George MP
MK: Rob Simmons
Truro and Falmouth
Conservative: Sarah Newton MP
Green: Sharron Kelsey
Independent: Loic Rich
Labour: Hanna Toms
Liberal Democrat: Simon Rix
MK: Stephen Richardson
(April 2014: The MK candidate for Camborne and Redruth was Mike Champion but he has resigned from MK)
Article about Deborah Hopkins in Cornish Guardian 23 July 2014
1 September 2014
When the Deregulation bill was before the Commons Caroline Lucas, the Green MP for Brighton, move an amendment, a new clause 8. to the bill (Hansard 23 June 2014 column 125). This required of the government:
(1) Within one year of this Act receiving Royal Assent, the Secretary of State shall lay before each House of Parliament a plan to
(a) replace the homes lost through the preserved right to buy;
(b) review the effectiveness of the current right to buy policy.
(2) Before making any further changes to right to buy, the secretary of state must carry out and publish an assessment of the impact of right to buy policy on affordable housing supply since 2012.
That was a very sensible and desirable proposal. Her speech for it is at column 116 in Hansard 23 June 2014.
Why replace houses
It is a commonplace criticism of the Tory-initiated sale of council houses that, whether one approved or disapproved of it, the failure to ensure replacement houses were built was a disaster. The stock of public housing fell, the building of replacement affordable houses fell, as indeed did that of other houses, and we now have around 1.8 million households on waiting lists for affordable homes. Each year we are building around 140 000 too few houses for the population we have.
The Tory Libdem government has increased the financial discounts to council and housing association tenants who wish to buy their house; and have reduced the qualifying tenancy period of tenancy. Consequentially, the take up of right to buy of public housing has vastly increased of late. The government’s claim it would use money from the sales to replace each sold house, one for one, turns out to be less than it seems and the early replacement figures look grim.
Caroline Lucas’s proposal would have ensured that the grievous error of the past was not repeated. It would ensure houses lost through right to buy were replaced.
Cornwall MPs vote No
Her amendment was backed by Labour but defeated by the Tory Libdem MPs by 208 to 274 votes. Among those voting against the amendment for replacing lost houses, were Andrew George and Dan Rogerson, Libdem MPs for Cornwall seats. All the UK Libdem MPs who voted, voted against. No vote is recorded for Libdem Stephen Gilbert and the three Tory MPs for Cornwall voted against the amendment.
I am nonplussed. The Lucas proposal would ensure the stock of public housing, affordable houses, did not unnecessarily shrink at a time when house prices mean that for many people an affordable house is their only hope of a home of their own. What we face now, unless a Labour government is elected next year that carries through her proposal, is a fall in the stock of public housing. How does that help 1.8 million households on affordable housing waiting lists, including 27 000 in Cornwall? How does it make life better for them?
After this why would people in Cornwall on the affordable waiting list vote Libdem or Conservative? Why would their family and friends?
“… it has been estimated that only about one in every seven homes sold through right to buy has been replaced by more affordable housing. Is the minister as shocked as I am to discover that in one London borough, a third of the council homes sold in the 1980s are now owned by private landlords, some of whom own dozens of properties that they now rent back at very high rents?” [Caroline Lucas, Hansard 23 June 2014 column 110]
The party votes on new clause 8 at shown at the The public whip.
27 August 2014
A month ago I explained in the post MK stranded in yesterday that Mebyon Kernow (MK), the Cornwall nationalist party, was being left behind in devolution debates and stuck with a medieval model. That post looked at the positive comments on devolution in England from Andrew Adonis of the Labour party.
Labour pushes devolution in England
Now in a letter of 25 August 2014 to local authorities, Hilary Benn has reinforced Labour’s devolution message for England. Both Conservative and Liberal Democrat parties also support devolution in England. MK’s devolution fox is shot. They are not the party for Cornwall but the party for yesterday.
Benn, the shadow secretary of state for local government, says Labour will “pass power, money, and responsibility” to local authorities who will be expected to work cooperatively with one another. Labour will devolve “£30 billion of existing public spending over the next five years” to local councils and local economic bodies for the funding of growth projects decided by those local councils and bodies. Councils that prove themselves competent will be able to negotiate for more devolution of powers.
Response to asymmetrical devolution
Labour is giving convincing details of its England devolution project. The project is a belated but welcome response to the rising awareness among people in England that their country was disadvantaged by devolution to Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. The devolution asymmetry has caused unacceptable anomalies such as MPs from Scotland voting on laws that basically apply only to England, the asymmetrical distribution of the Barnett formula and its consequences for public services in the four component countries, the divergent party political support in those four. Labour seems to have come to a commendable understanding that the present arrangements are unsustainable and there must be democratic change for England.
It is especially welcome that Labour’s ideas are not bound up in an inflexible model, the failed regionalisation model. Now we are being offered an elastic and practical scheme that encourages cooperation across boundaries that have often been unhelpfully rigid. This reduces the likelihood that localisation will turn into parochialism and a postcode lottery of provision and opportunities.
How petty and parochial and irrelevant the Tamar obsession seems set against this.
Incidentally,there is a welcome promise in Benn’s letter to secure the building of more homes – again a contrast with Cornish political nationalism – but no acknowledgement of the last Labour government’s appalling record in this sphere, the worst domestic inaction of any Labour government in Britain, I think. That dismal record reflects the comfortably housed Labour cabinet’s utter failure over thirteen years in government to grasp the importance of house building, especially affordable housing, and I wonder whether the party is yet ready to prioritise housing.
Will it happen?
Of course all parties support devolution in England in opposition but have a less glittering record in office. Will it be different this time? I think it will because there is a keener awareness in central government of its limitations and a more realistic approach to devolution by local government. Localisation in a time of austerity also handily throws responsibilities and flak upon local authorities.
The irrelevance of MK
MK, the party of yesterday, is a failure. It has failed to attract much support for its signature proposal, a Cornish legislative assembly. Since I wrote my last post on this six weeks ago only six more signatures have been added and of course not all are from Cornwall. Remember the failures of political nationalism that I have charted: Campaign Kernow, the Cornish Fighting Fund, the petitions for an assembly, the petitions for a holiday on St Piran’s day. I sense that nationalism is now reluctantly with understandable disappointment and bewilderment facing up to MK as a failed political cause, oh dolor repulsae. I have pointed out several times MK’s dismal electoral record with few seats in local government, no seats in parliament and nowhere near getting any. This political failure continues while cultural Cornishness, even the invented and kitsch pieces, happily flourishes apart from the reconstructed language. See the Piran and Ptolemy post for an account of this discrepancy.
Is MK done for?
MK is not a serious contender party; it is rejected by the people of Cornwall, its ideas ill-developed, its arguments unconvincing, its whingeing tedious, its policies a tabula rasa bereft of details and costings. Its devolution notions have been outflanked. Can MK change, adapt its policies to the new circumstances? As yet it uneasily rests in the mistaken old certainties. If it does not change, and soon, it will wither away. Oh, I expect there will be an occasional flash but an unchanged MK is done for.
dolor repulsae: see Ovid Metamorphoses, book 3, Echo’s pain of rejection
MK and the grand academy of lagado 11 February 2014
Empowering Cornwall 8 March 2012
22 August 2014
Eppur si muove
On 22 June 1633 the Catholic Church condemned Galileo for the heresy of heliocentrism. He, like Copernicus, Bruno, and Kepler, argued that the Earth revolved round the Sun, which we all know now is true. We also know now a lot more stuff about our world and the cosmos than Galileo did. The Catholic and other churches said heliocentrism was contrary to the Bible, which said Earth did not move, and therefore the Earth was stationary and the heavenly bodies including the Sun went round the Earth. In an earlier encounter with Galileo in 1616 the Catholic church described heliocentrism as “foolish and absurd” and “heretical”. In England in 1729 James Bradley proved through the aberration of light that Earth moved.
In 1633 Galileo, an old man, threatened by the Catholic church in the rooms in Rome where Bruno was questioned for seven years before being burned alive, recanted his knowledge but is supposed to have muttered on his leaving Eppur si muove, nevertheless the Earth does move. He was under house arrest for the rest of his life.
Christianity comes out of this story as bullying and ignorant and murderous.
Christianity, like other religions, formed its view by believing every word of a book written ages before by men doing their best to make sense of the world but lacking science and technology and the knowledge they bring. Invented tales became holy writ and unchallengeable truths. Christian churches rested on that book and did not continue to explore.
Galileo formed his view by observation. He looked through his telescope, recorded what he saw, and reflected on it. That’s how he knew stuff. Not looking through the telescope, not observing reality, is how religion got it wrong.
You’ll have noticed that my blog carries below its title the line, Eat the apple, look through the telescope. Eat the apple, which is what mythological Eve did, is an incitement to observe, scrutinise, and reflect despite the prohibitions of gods, religions, sundry authorities, and governments.
Galileo Galilei 15 February 1564-8 January 1642
Giordano Bruno 1548-17 February 1600