17 April 2014
I explained what I thought of poverty and the need for foodbanks six months ago in this post. The Trussell Trust, which organises more than four hundred foodbanks in the UK, now says that in it gave three-day food parcels to 913 138 people, adults and children, in 2013/14.
This is vast failure – by government, by parties, by the state, by us. Britain is, despite the economic difficulties, a rich country. To see nearly a million of our fellow people needing food parcels is shaming.
The Trussell Trust points out that its figures represent “the tip of the iceberg of UK food poverty, it doesn’t include those helped by other emergency food providers, those living in towns where there is no foodbank, people who are too ashamed to seek help or the large number of people who are only just coping by eating less and buying cheap food”. The shame deepens.
Much of the need for food parcels is caused by Tory Libdem government incompetence and callousness. The Trussell Trust says that half of the referrals of people to its foodbanks are “a result of benefit delays or changes”. We shall not get from the government a serious review of the damaging benefit changes, including brutal sanctioning arrangements, despite the apparent discovery of morality by recanting Libdems as the general election approaches. However, benefit delays are chiefly a pragmatic question: we really can improve delivery if we are resolved.
In 2010/11, the first year of the Tory Libdem government, there were 61 468 people who came to a Trussell foodbank. The user figures increased under the Labour government too but not by so much.
Here is an earlier post: More hungry people, more foodbanks. It links to other posts.
16 April 2014
CLICK FOR LATEST ADDED Unemployment: JSA claimants in Cornwall March 2014
In this ongoing post I bring together data about Cornwall from various sources so that it is more readily accessible. Much is already posted at scattered places on this blog of course. All the data refers only to Cornwall and its parts (and sometimes includes and sometimes excludes the Isles of Scilly). Sources are given in square brackets; I have also included some website addresses, though these may change, so that you can explore the data for yourself. Explanatory notes with the original data are important for understanding.
Abortions |Affordable housing | Average pay |Bedroom tax in Cornwall |Benefit costs in Cornwall
| Cancer services | Children born in Cornwall | Civil partnerships registered in Cornwall |Classroom assistants in Cornwall schools | Cornwall Council pay | Cornwall Council employment | Cornwall disability services cuts | Council tax arrears in Cornwall | Council tax benefit recipients in Cornwall | Cornwall MPs’ expenses and allowances | Cornwall health spending | Deprivation in Cornwall |Education maintenance allowance(EMA) | Empty dwellings | Free school meals | Fuel poverty | GDP AND GVA | Housing benefits | House repossessions | Housing waiting lists | Landfill in Cornwall | Land use in Cornwall | Life expectancy in Cornwall | Looked-after children in Cornwall | Miscellaneous | National lottery in Cornwall | Not in education, employment, or training | Pensioners in Cornwall | Place survey 2008 | Population of Cornwall | Pupil funding | Pupil premium in Cornwall | Religion in Cornwall at 2011 census | School place appeals in Cornwall | Schoolteachers | Second homes | Smoking mothers in Cornwall | Social class in Cornwall | Sure Start | Teenage pregnancies in Cornwall | Unemployment: JSA claimants | Uncollected domestic and non-domestic local taxes | University College Falmouth: socio-economic background of students |Water and sewerage bills | Wind farm capacity factor in Cornwall 2009 |
For the area of the Cornwall clinical commissioning group (NHS Kernow) there were 1161 abortions in 2012 (Table 10a), a rate of 13.3 per 1000 women resident here aged 15-44 (see Table 10a here. For England for 2012 the rate was 16.6 per 1000 (Table 10b).
In 2012/13 745 additional affordable dwellings were provided in Cornwall. These were made up of: 159 for social rent, 153 for affordable rent, 21 for intermediate rent, and 421 for affordable purchase in Department for works and pensions table 1011 (https://www.gov.uk/government/statistical-data-sets/live-tables-on-affordable-housing-supply).
£22 246 at April 2013, (median, annual, gross, fulltime, all workers, by Cornwall residence [ONS, ASHE 2013, Table 8.7a]. The annual mean average pay (gross, fulltime, all workers by Cornwall residence, Table 8.7a) was £26 239.
There are various ways of measuring average pay, eg mean and median average, male and female and both, fulltime and part time, by place of work and by place of residence, by local authority and by constituency, weekly pay and annual pay. Figures for median average pay tend to be less than for mean average.
ASHE Annual survey of hours and earnings here .
The updated (February 2014) figures for the bedroom tax in Cornwall as at November 2013 are:
Total number of claimants of housing benefit: 43 093
Claimants whose social rent housing benefit has been reduced: 2729
Average weekly benefit reduction: £13.51
(The reduction is applied only to relevant tenants in social housing. Housing benefit claimants are 21 152 tenants in private housing and 21 946 in social housing. The totals do not sum because of rounding.) SOURCE: Housing benefit caseload statistics December 2013
BENEFIT COSTS IN CORNWALL
In 2011/12 the costs (in £millions) of various benefits and allowances in Cornwall were:
Total £1479.4 million, made up of -
Attendance allowance £ 55.1 million, Bereavement/widows benefit 5.1, Carers allowance 16.4, Council tax benefit 46.5, Diability living allowance (DLA) 121.0, Employment and support allowance (ESA) 31.4, Housing benefit 178.0, Incapacity benefit 46.2, Income support 54.3, Job seekers allowance (JSA) 30.4, Pension credit 83.0, Severe disablement allowance 8.0, State pension 780.1, Winter fuel payments (WFP) 24.0. The total of these figures is in England 2011/12 was £131803 million. SOURCE Department of work and pensions (https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/benefit-expenditure-by-local-authority).
The second annual report on some cancer services and outcomes was published by the Department of Health on 1 December 2009. It includes data for Cornwall and Isles of Scilly primary care trust and the Royal Cornwall Hospitals Trust (RCHT) on pages 29, 46, and 67.
CHILDREN BORN IN CORNWALL
The ONS publishes the details for England and Wales of the numbers of live births to mothers who themselves were born in the United Kingdom or born outside the United Kingdom in each year. The figures for Cornwall (excluding the Isles of Scilly), with much lower percentages than for England as a whole, for the first and last years of the series are:
2008: 5423 live births, 92.4 percent of which were to mothers born inside the UK
2001: 4463 live births, 94.5 percent of which were to mothers born in the UK.
In 2010 there were 5558 live births in Cornwall: see table 1a ONS here.
The data is in tables 3a-3h on this ONS website which also gives separate figures for each of the former districts in Cornwall. [ONS]
Civil partnerships registered in Cornwall by year:
Sources: Lords Hansard 6 June 2011 column WA 15-16 (for years 2005-09) and ONS Civil partnership formations, Table 3.1 (for years 2008-2011)
CORNWALL COUNCIL EMPLOYMENT
The number of people employed by Cornwall Council was 20 994 (31 December 2009) and 16 367 (30 September 2011) [Graham Smith's blog 20 January 2012 here.]
CORNWALL COUNCIL PAY
Some details of the total pay of the council’s employees getting at least £100 000 pa are summarised in Town hall rich list by the Taxpayers Alliance, 17 March 2011. Table 3 shows thirty two employees of Cornwall Council getting £100 000 pa or more in remuneration, including employer’s pension contributions, in 2009/10. This makes Cornwall, with Newcastle on Tyne, the council with the highest number of employees over this benchmark for the year.
CORNWALL DISABILITY SERVICES CUTS
A survey by Demos and Scope of how 152 local authorities in England are handling cuts to disability services puts Cornwall Council at 11th out of 152 (where 1st is best).
CORNWALL HEALTH SPENDING
In 2011-2012 the total revenue funding of Cornwall and Isles of Scilly (CIOS) primary care trust is £916.136 million. This is an increase of 3.1 percent over 2010-2011. The CIOS percapita funding is £1687 pa for 2011-2012. For England trusts as a whole the percapita spending is £1693, an increase of 3 .0 percent over 2010-2011. [See Department for health Exposition book 2011-2012. (scroll to the Exposition book). Also seeHansard 5 April 2011 column829W for net data.]
These are now published by the Independent parliamentary standards authority (IPSA) here.
At 31 March 2011 the total outstanding council tax arrears in Cornwall was
£12 877 000 [DEP2012-1047 of 25 June 2012]
At March 2012 the number of council tax benefit recipients in Cornwall was 54 170 (April 2011: 52 490). At January 2011 the recipients by Cornwall constituency were:
Camborne and Redruth 9760. North Cornwall 8130. South East Cornwall 7810. St Austell and Newquay 9870. St Ives (including Isles of Scilly) 9200. Truro and Falmouth 7800. [ DWPAdditional tables, updated regularly]
The IMD of 2007 show Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly at 69th out of 142 ‘counties, cities, and London boroughs’ in England, where 1st is the most deprived. The IMD puts the Cornwall and Isles of Scilly primary care trust (CIOS) area at 74th out of 152 trust areas where 1st is the most deprived.The IMD of 2010 show Cornwall unitary authority at 110 out of 326 local authorities (rank of average score).
The IMD 2007 give these results for the former districts of Cornwall out of 354 districts in England, the score 1st is the most deprived: Penwith 36th, Kerrier 86th, Restormel 89th, North Cornwall 96th, Carrick 120th, and Caradon 156th. The IMD 2010 do not include the former districts of Cornwall, by then abolished.
IMD deprivation varies vastly across Cornwall and the measurements for 32 482 subwards in England which are available show this clearly.
The Health Observatory website here has some deprivation data for Cornwall too. Also look at the data above for free school meals in Cornwall.
The estimate of the End Child Poverty campaign for mid-2010 was that 19 percent of children in Cornwall live in poverty, below the England average: read their definition. Data for Cornwall wards is given.
EDUCATION MAINTENANCE ALLOWANCE
At August 2011 there were 7647 recipients of the England education education allowance (EMA) in Cornwall. This is for 16-18 year olds to encourage them to stay on at school or college. EMA has since been abolished. [Source: Young people's learning agency]
See this post of 27 January 2012 for details of the England bursary scheme and the Cornwall bursary scheme.
There were 9522 empty dwellings in Cornwall at 5 October 2010. Figures for previous years were October 2009: 9407; October 2008 for the six districts: 9012. [Hansard 14 May 2009 columns 998W-999W; Empty Homes Agency]
Percentage of primary and nursery pupils eligible for free school meals, January 2011:
England 18.0 (2010: 17.3)
Cornwall 14.1 (2010: 13.0)
Percentage of secondary pupils eligible for free school meals, January 2011:
England 14.6 (2010: 14.2)
Cornwall 10.8 (2010: 10.3)
[Scroll on the Education department web page to the
free school meals tables .]
The relationship of eligibility for free school meals and not gaining any GCSEs above grade D is given in DEP 2009-0918 of 19 March 2009 (Parliamentary Library).
Also see the data for deprivation below.
The percentage of pupils in individual schools eligible for free school meals at January 2009 is given in the Parliamentary Library deposited papers at DEP 2010-0089 for 11 January 2010. Cornwall LA number on the data sheet is 908.
The Department of energy and climate change (DECC) publishes data for households in fuel poverty. There are statistics for the numbers of households in fuel poverty for the six constituencies and 327 subwards in Cornwall in 2010.
Fuel poverty is defined as having to spend more than ten percent of income on a satisfactory heating regime: more details on the DECC website.
In Cornwall as whole in 2009 around 60 000 households were classed as in fuel poverty, about 26 percent of all households; in 2010 the figures were 44 706 and 19.1 percent.
GDP AND GVA
The latest GVA data for Cornwall and the Scillies was published by the ONS on 14 December 2011. Cornwall GVA perhead, current prices by workplace, was £13 129 in 2009. (£13 256 in 2008, £12 681 in 2007) which is 65.6 percent of the UK mean average (64.5 percent in 2008, 63.6 percent in 2007). Details from the ONS for 2009 are here (NUTS 2 subregions).
At March 2012 there were 42 680 recipients of housing benefit in Cornwall (April 2011: 40 590). At January 2011 numbers of recipients by constituency were:
Camborne and Redruth 7310. North Cornwall 6060. South East Cornwall 5910. St Austell and Newquay 8120. St Ives (including the Isles of Scilly) 7070. Truro and Falmouth 6070. [ DWP Additional tables, updated regularly]
In July 2010 there were 39 710 people in Cornwall claiming housing benefit of which 12 840 received local housing allowance, the housing benefit for people not in social/council housing but private rented accommodation. Note that the recipients are ‘benefit units’ who might be a single person or a couple. [Table 2 in DEP2010-1938 of 4 November 2010 in House of Commons library]
There was a total of 820 orders for mortgage and landlord repossessions in Cornwall (unitary authority and the Isles of Scilly) in 2011. The figure for martgage repossession orders only was 360. [Ministry of Justice: http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/statistics-and-data/civil-justice/mortgage-possession.htm%5D
In 2011/12 there were 505 mortgage repossession claims in Cornwall and the rate of repossession claims in Cornwall was 2.4 per 1000 houses; Cornwall was 235th out of 324 England local authorities (where 1 is worst). [Shelter]
HOUSING WAITING LISTS At the end of August 2013 were were about 28 600 households on the Cornwall unitary council housing waiting list. At 1 April 1997 there were 8124. The details from the Department of communities, by district and by years 1997-2012, are in Table 600 here. There are statistics for both the current Cornwall unitary authority and the former shire county. Read the explanation of the figures at the foot of the table. The current Cornwall details are here.
LANDFILL IN CORNWALL
Total municipal waste 324 480 tonnes
Total municipal waste sent to landfill 210 386 tonnes (64.84 percent of total municipal waste)
The average proportion of municipal waste sent to landfill for the 121 unitary and waste disposal authorities in England was 54.42 percent.
[Hansard 26 October 2009 column 50W-54W]
LAND USE IN CORNWALL
Details of land use in Cornwall are available for the six former districts and for wards. The categories are given in square metres for domestic buildings, nondomestic buildings, domestic gardens, roads, rail, paths, greenspace, water, other, and unclassified. The tables are at Census ward levels GLUD 2005 tables. GLUD means Generalised land use database. An explanatory document of the GLUD statistics is here.
LOOKED-AFTER CHILDREN IN CORNWALLAT 31 March 2012 there were 480 (to nearest five) children under eighteen who were in the care of Cornwall local authority. Figures for England were 67 050 (to nearest ten). The data is in Table LAA1 here and covers several past years.
LIFE EXPECTANCY IN CORNWALL
Life expectancy at birth in Cornwall 2009-2011: males 79.2 years, females 83.3 years (England: males 78.9, females 82.9). Cornwall ranks 57 out of 150 local authorities for both male and female life expectancy where 1 is best [ONS, 'Healthy life expectancy at birth for upper tier local authorities']. Healthy life runs at about 80 percent of the total years of life expectancy.
Statistics for Cornish towns is a booklet produced by the Office of National Statistics (ONS). The revised version is dated September 2009. It contains data about deprivation, the number and size of businesses, unemployment, and population. Read it through the South West Observatory here.The South West Observatory website also has other data.
South West Regional Development Agency (SWRDA) (now abolished) published in October 2009 Economic profile: issue 8 which discusses Cornwall’s economy in the recession on pages 20-25. Read it here.
NATIONAL LOTTERY IN CORNWALL
Since the National Lottery began in 1995 and up to September 2011, £265.745 million has been distributed in Cornwall.
Source: Department for culture, media, and sport
NOT IN EDUCATION, EMPLOYMENT, OR TRAINING
The number of young people aged 16-24 in Cornwall who are not in education, employment, or training (NEETS) was 6000 for January-December 2009. This was 12 percent of the age group. The Cornwall percentage is the 23rd lowest of the 148 local authorities listed. For the reliability of the figures, see the original. [Hansard 20 July 2010 column 303W]
PENSIONERS IN CORNWALL
There are about 137 000 old age pensioners in Cornwall (males aged 65 and over, females 60 and over, mid-2010). The full figures, including for both the county and the former districts, are in this zip file on the ONS website. [ONS]
A survey in 2008 by the Department for Communities and Local Government looked at people’s views of the locality and local services. Question 5 asked people how strongly they felt they belonged to their immediate neighbourhood. In the Cornwall area 66.5 percent said fairly or very strongly. This was 53rd out of 353 council areas, the largest percentage being at number 1.
[Department of Communities and Local Government Place survey 2008]
POPULATION OF CORNWALL
This data refers to Cornwall excluding the Isles of Scilly.The estimated population of Cornwall at the 2011 census (27 March 2011) was 532 273. About 430 000 (81 percent) were aged eighteen or over. The area of Cornwall is 354 619 hectares (about 1369 square miles) and the density is 1.5 per hectare.[ONS]
The per-pupil dedicated schools grant (DSG) for 2011-12 includes various other grants and is now known as GUFS, guaranteed units of funding. For 2011-12 GUFS include the 2010-11 DSG at the same cash level plus the other grants. For 2011-12 Cornwall per pupil GUF is £4663.54, made up of £4042.72 DSG 2010-11 and £620.82 other relevant 2010-11 grants.
Details are here at the excel file GUFS 2011-12.
In terms of per pupil funding for 2011-12 Cornwall is 134th out of 151 authorities (that is at the 12th percentile); seventeen authorities have lower GUF funding than Cornwall. The average England per pupil GUF 2011-12 is £5082.53. Any pupil premium for individual pupils and students is additional to GUF.
The dedicated schools grant (DSG) began in 2006/07 and earlier per pupil allocations are not directly comparable. Before 2006/07 schools were funded largely through the formula grant which, apart from the DSG, is the main grant from central government to local authorities.
PUPIL PREMIUM IN CORNWALL
The pupil premium began in 2011/12. It has three components for deprivation (broadly eligibility for free school meals); military service children; looked-after children.In 2012/13 the amounts for each pupil were increased and the eligibility for the deprivation component was widened.
In 2011/12 10 690 pupils in Cornwall state-funded schools, including academies, qualified for a pupil premium with a total funding of £4.741 million; that is, 16.4 percent of all pupils in those schools. In 2012/13 the provisional figure is 16 050 pupils (24.6 percent) and £9.049 million. [ Department for Education]
RELIGION IN CORNWALL AT 2011 CENSUS
The 2011 census in table QS210EW gave the following: Christians 318 357, 59.8 percent of the population of Cornwall; Other religions 9480, 1.8 percent; No religion 159 080, 29.9 percent; Religion not stated 45 356, 8.5 percent.
SCHOOL PLACE APPEALS IN CORNWALL
In 2007/08 there were 277 appeals by parents against the non-admission of their child to their preferred primary school in Cornwall; 75 were successful. For secondary schools in Cornwall the figures are 405 and 151.
8183 children were admitted to Cornwall primary schools September 2007-January 2008 and 6514 to secondary schools in the same period.
[Department for children, families, and schools: here (scroll to table 3)]
The number of fulltime-equivalent schoolteachers in Cornwall maintained at January 2010 was 2190 in secondary schools and 1930 in nursery and primary schools and 120 in special schools: total 4240 (including 170 unqualified teachers). There were 1490 secondary teaching assistants and other secondary support staff and 2000 primary ones. The school workforce data is here. The cost of employing teachers in Cornwall Council maintained schools for 2008-2009 was £18.87 million and for teaching assistants £4.646 million (Hansard 27 October 2010 column 364W-368W). The average teacher salary in Cornwall in £36 000 in 2009 (website above). All the figures are for fulltime-equivalent staff.
Second homes in Cornwall (excluding Scillies) totalled 14 095 in 2010, 5.6 percent of the housing stock, based on council tax [House of Commons Library DEP2010-2186 of 6 December 2010]. In 2004 there were 13 509 second homes. The DEP data gives district totals and percentages for 2004-2008.
In terms of numbers of second homes in 2008 North Cornwall was 7th out of 354 England authorities, Penwith 15th, Carrick 24th, Caradon 26th, Restormel 30th, and Kerrier 47th. These positions represent numbers of second homes not percentages of housing stock.
The estimated cost of the second homes discount in Cornwall was £2 067 000 [Department for Communities and Local Government local authority council tax database 2011: Parliamentary Library, DEP 2012-0644, 17 April 2012]
SMOKING MOTHERS IN CORNWALL
The Health and social care information centre (HSCIC) publishes quarterly and annual statistics on the number and percentage of mothers who are smoking at the time of delivery. For 2012/13 the Cornwall percentage was 13.8, the England percentage 12.7. See here. The Cornwall and England statistics show a decline in mothers smoking at the time of delivery over the decade. In 2005/06 the Cornwall figure was 19.9 percent.
SOCIAL CLASS IN CORNWALL
The 2011 census in QS611EW, approximate social grade, gives the proportions of people in Cornwalll (aged 16-64 in households) in social groups: AB 18.3 percent, C1 28.7 percent, C2 27.2 percent, DE 25.8 percent. [2011 census, ONS]
SURE START IN CORNWALL
At the end of October 2009 there were thirty seven Sure Start Centres in Cornwall.
[ Hansard 14 December 2009 column 702W]
TEENAGE PREGNANCIES IN CORNWALL
In 2009 there were 292 conceptions to under-18 girls in Cornwall, 30.5 per 1000 girls in Cornwall aged 15-17. In England the average was 38.2 per 1000 (45.5 per 1000 in 1997 in England). [Source: Hansard 12 December 2011 column 517W which gives the data for every primary local authority]
UNEMPLOYMENT: JSA CLAIMANTS
All JSA claimants in Cornwall and Isles of Scilly. March 2014: 6841, 2.1 percent of the resident population aged 18-64 (February 2014: 7522, 2.3. March 2013: 9787, 3.0 percent) [ONS Nomis].
Cornwall and Scillies youth claimant count (resident population aged 18-24). March 2014: 2015. (February 2014: 2225. March 2013: 2950)[ONS Nomis]
The 2013 contribution-based jobseekers allowance (JSA) broadly is £71.70 a week for people aged 25 and over 25 and £56.25 a week for people aged 16 to 24. The value of the income-based JSA is different. For details see here.
The jobseekers claimant count is not a measure of unemployment but of people claiming the benefit who must be, inter alia, available for work and actively seeking work.
This website gives details of jobseeker claimant counts over time for Cornwall:
This website gives details of the youth claimant counts over time in Cornwall:
Claimant by constituencies is here:
These are general labour statistics for Cornwall and Scilly:
The latest labour force survey data, a measure of employment/unemployment, is for October 2011-September 2012: http://www.nomisweb.co.uk/reports/lmp/la/1967128581/subreports/ea_time_series/report.aspx
UNCOLLECTED DOMESTIC AND NON-DOMESTIC LOCAL TAXES
For 2009/10 the total of uncollected council tax in Cornwall was £5.967 million (2.5 percent of the total due) and uncollected non-domestic rates £3.635 million (2. 9 percent) [GMB union 22 July 2010]
UNIVERSITY COLLEGE FALMOUTH: SOCIO-ECONOMIC BACKGROUND OF STUDENTS
Socio-economic data about first degree students entering University College, Falmouth in 2008/09 has been published by the Higher education statistics agency (HESA). It is available at the Guardian here: Falmouth is number 35 in the second table or scroll to Download the full spreadsheet where Falmouth is number 44.
31.6 percent of the first degree Falmouth entrants were working class, that is the occupation of the senior working parent was in a routine or manual occupation (groups 4, 5, 6, and 7 in National Statistics: socio-economic classification). The mean average for all England universities was 32.4 percent. The working class made up about 37 percent of the UK population (ONS).
The average bills for the different England companies for 2009/10 to 2013/14 are given in DEP2013-1980 of 9 December 2013. All are lower than South West’s.
WIND FARM CAPACITY FACTOR IN CORNWALL 2009
The nine wind farm developments in Cornwall in 2009 had an average output of 22.37% of their capacity.
[Michael Jefferson, professor of International Business and Sustainability at the London Metropolitan Business School cited here and here.]
WORK CAPABILITY: REASSESSMENT FOR ESA
People assessed as unfit for work are being reassessed. Between October 2010 and July 2011 in England 37 percent were reassessed as fit for work and 63 percent as eligible for employment support allowance (ESA). In Cornwall (excluding the Isles of Scilly) the figures were 34 percent fit for work and 66 percent eligible for ESA. Details are given by the Department for work and pensions in an excel spreadsheet dated 20 April 2012 here.
These data and research pages on the website site of Cornwall unitary council carry very much societal data about Cornwall.
ASHE Annual survey of hours and earnings (http://www.statistics.gov.uk/statBase/product.asp?vlnk=13101)
DEP Deposited parliamentary papers (http://deposits.parliament.uk)
ONS Office for National Statistics
A useful website for understanding local government language is: http://localgovglossary.wikispaces.com/
Health and welfare data for Cornwall is available from Public Health Observatories here.
15 April 2014
Read this story: ” ‘Get back to the jungle where you belong’: My racist abuse growing up in Cornwall, by Hollywood star Thandie Newton.”
Let us hang our heads in shame at the past. Oh dear, a wretched story from Thandie Newton of her experience in Penzance as a child, sometime in the late seventies and early eighties, I think. Hopefully attitudes have changed though the comments on the story relate happy and unhappy experiences.
Perhaps Penzance town council should belatedly deplore the past racism in the town and find a way to honour her.
14 April 2014
Oh dear, MK still doesn’t get it.
On the MK website I read in a blogpost called We can do better: “Our children should enjoy the same educational opportunities as children up the country – not make do on half the money spent on pupils in the City of London”.
We certainly can do better.
I discussed this absurd comparison three years ago in this post. Shortly, there is only one state school in the City of London, Sir John Cass, a primary with 247 pupils; there about 39 000 primary pupils in more than two hundred primaries in Cornwall.
There are two clear mistakes in the MK whinge. It compares 247 pupils with 39 000, one school with more than two hundred. The City of London is not streets paved with gold, all banks and hedge funds and bonuses; parts of the City are residential and MK should acknowledge that some of those 7000 residents experience deprivation and it is that and costs which give the per pupil funding higher than Cornwall overall. It is the residents’ children who go to the excellent primary school. The school is in Portsoken ward which last month elected a Labour councillor.
Now I can understand that someone in Cornwall, unfamiliar with east London, might have a distorted view of the City of London from the media that talks only of money; however, the facts are readily available to those who look for them and I set out some of them in my 2011 post. It is shamefully unconvincing for Cornish political nationalism to disregard context, which is at the heart of any viable idea of fairness, and write starkly about “the money spent on pupils in the City of London”.
Let me repeat what I said in that post of 2011: “MK does not explain that the difference in funding is not a question of arbitrarily giving more money to the City of London education authority but rather is intended to reflect differences in costs and needs.”
Yes, MK can do better. If it wishes to be taken seriously, it must.
In Cornwall 17 percent of children are in poverty (mid 2012); in the City, Portsoken ward, in which the Sir John Cass primary school is sited, has 37 percent of children in poverty [Source: endchildpoverty.org.uk]. At Sir John Cass school in 2014/15 32.9 percent of primary pupils were eligible for the deprivation pupil premium; in Cornwall 22.5 percent of primary pupils [Source: illustrative figures here].
10 April 2014
Mebyon Kernow (MK), the Cornish nationalist party, is being left behind.
There isn’t widespread, eager support for this party and its political nationalism; in the last election it contested, a by-election last December for two seats on Camborne town council, a favourable area for MK, only 14 percent turned out to vote although there were two MK candidates to vote for and each of MK’s candidates received support from less than 4 percent of the electorate. Enthusiasm for MK? No.
The petition calling for a Cornish parliament – a law making national assembly – is gathering a trickle of signatures from Cornwall and elsewhere: after nearly five months I estimate less than 1000 from people in Cornwall have signed, a pitiful small proportion.
In the real world all three currently major parties, Conservative and Labour and Liberal Democrat, have now said they support devolution within England. The Tory Libdem government is pressing ahead with city deals. So far twenty eight councils are involved, including Plymouth. City deals are the devolution of powers to cities and city regions, with some cities working with neighbouring areas in a “combined authority”. The primary aim is to better advance local economic growth and each area will have different and tailored devolved powers such as housing and transport; local enthusiasm and competence are essential.
The government’s approach in practice is somewhat incoherent (see this sensible scrutiny ) but English devolution is happening at last. The process having begun, it will be impossible to stop or reverse.
The word “city” is perhaps misleading: it is clear that counties are included and Cornwall, Cumbria, and Essex were specifically mentioned by Nick Clegg last October 2012.
Labour has supported the city/county devolution policy and expanding it, writing this week to every council leader (scroll to the very bottom to link to the letter; he specifically mentions devolution to cities and counties).
MK will argue that all this is about local government and what it seeks is a national government for Cornwall separate from England; that is more than “more powers” for Cornwall. However, the kindest that can be said about the MK approach is that it has been bypassed. The devolutionary future of England is here already and MK has been left behind in a nationalist fantasy.
First set of city deals 5 July 2012
Second set of city deals 19 February 2013
Comment on the city deal project 30 October 2012
Camborne by-election result 19 December 2013
The petition is here.
The TUC, using ASHE data, has published an analysis of how far the living wage is paid in different parts of Britain. The TUC analysis is here.
In Cornwall 29.7 percent of all full time workers and 44.6 percent of all part time workers were paid less than the living wage in April last year, £7.45 an hour outside London then but now £7.65. The TUC has published the figures for both local authorities and parliamentary constituencies; there are striking differences among the Cornwall constituencies.
I have argued in several blog posts that workers in Cornwall should be paid the living wage and that Cornwall Council should take the lead in this. I put these posts at the foot of this one. There is a mountain to climb in Cornwall but there are very bright spots: Abbeyfield Society care homes in Britain are to pay the living wage. There are ten Abbeyfield Society homes in Cornwall. Excellent news and well done indeed Abbeyfield.
ASHE Annual survey of hours worked and earnings, published by the Office for national statistics (ONS)
Previous posts on the living wage are here
Cornwall and the decency threshold 7 November 2013
Penzance town council, a living wage employer 29 October 2013
Cornwall Council and the living wage 16 August 2013
Living wage for Cornwall 22 July 2013
Cheers, Jude Robinson 29 October 2012
A proper Cornish wage 10 May 2012
Progress to a living wage 29 June 2011
A living wage for Cornwall 17 May 2011
The pro-Cornish wage 31 August 2010
And these are relevant
The living wage (House of Commons library note) 11 November 2013
What are the benefits of the living wage? from the Living Wage Foundation
Home truths by Vidhya ALEKESON and Giselle CORY, Resolution Foundation 12 July 2013
Low pay Britain by Matthew PENNYCOOK and Matthew WHITTAKER, Resolution Foundation 29 September 2012
What price a living wage? Matthew PENNYCOOK, Resolution Foundation 7 May 2012
Minimum wage: maximum impact Alan MANNING, Resolution Foundation 17 April 2012
30 March 2014
Progress and reform, the children of the Reformation and Enlightenment, the twin beacons of civilised modernity, is not a grand march but a plod with sudden dramatic dashes. Lest we exult, remember it was only in 1697 that Thomas Aikenhead was hanged in Edinburgh for dissing Christianity and we abolished slavery in the Empire only in 1833 and horrors went on here after that.
Nevertheless, we do progress: little boys are no longer shoved up chimneys and women are no longer the chattels of their husbands. The list is long and impressive. Of course we differ in how to realise the conflicting specifics of fraternity, liberty, and egality, but they are the defining standards against which we measure our society.
From 29 March 2014 homosexuals in Britain (but not Northern Ireland) are able to solemnise their committed relationship as marriage. This is a good day for people and equality and love. Civilisation grows. Progress and reform dash.