19 December 2014
CLICK FOR LATEST ADDED Unemployment: JSA claimants in Cornwall November 2014 and Cornwall council tax arrears 2014 and Public sector employment 2013
In this ongoing post I bring together data about Cornwall from various sources so that it is more readily accessible. Much is already posted at scattered places on this blog of course. All the data refers only to Cornwall and its parts (and sometimes includes and sometimes excludes the Isles of Scilly). Sources are given in square brackets; I have also included some website addresses, though these may change, so that you can explore the data for yourself. Explanatory notes with the original data are important for understanding.
Abortions |Affordable housing |Antidepressant prescribing | Average pay |Bedroom tax in Cornwall |Benefit costs in Cornwall |Cancer services | Children born in Cornwall | Civil partnerships registered in Cornwall |Classroom assistants in Cornwall schools | Cornwall Council pay | Cornwall Council employment | Cornwall disability services cuts | Council tax arrears in Cornwall | Council tax benefit recipients in Cornwall | Cornwall MPs’ expenses and allowances | Cornwall health spending | Deprivation in Cornwall |Education maintenance allowance(EMA) | Electors in Cornwall | Empty dwellings | Free school meals | Fuel poverty | GDP AND GVA | Housing benefits | House repossessions | Housing waiting lists | Landfill in Cornwall | Land use in Cornwall | Life expectancy in Cornwall | Looked-after children in Cornwall | Miscellaneous | National lottery in Cornwall | Not in education, employment, or training | Pensioners in Cornwall | Place survey 2008 | Population of Cornwall | Public sector employment | Pupil funding | Pupil premium in Cornwall | Religion in Cornwall at 2011 census | School place appeals in Cornwall | Schoolteachers | Second homes | Smoking mothers in Cornwall | Social class in Cornwall | Sure Start | Teenage pregnancies in Cornwall | Unemployment: JSA claimants | Uncollected domestic and non-domestic local taxes | University College Falmouth: socio-economic background of students |Water and sewerage bills | Wind farm capacity factor in Cornwall 2009 |
For the area of the Cornwall clinical commissioning group (NHS Kernow) there were 1161 abortions in 2012 (Table 10a), a rate of 13.3 per 1000 women resident here aged 15-44 (see Table 10a here. For England for 2012 the rate was 16.6 per 1000 (Table 10b).
In 2012/13 745 additional affordable dwellings were provided in Cornwall. These were made up of: 159 for social rent, 153 for affordable rent, 21 for intermediate rent, and 421 for affordable purchase in Department for works and pensions table 1011 (https://www.gov.uk/government/statistical-data-sets/live-tables-on-affordable-housing-supply).
Number of antidepressant items prescribed per GP practice in Cornwall per 1000 people (third quarter 2012/13: 185-225, that is the third quartile where the first quartile is least prescriptions in England). Source: Focus on: antidepressant prescribing(Nuffield Trust and Health Foundation, May 2014)
There are various ways of measuring average pay, eg mean and median average, male and female and both, fulltime and part time, by place of work and by place of residence, by local authority and by constituency, weekly pay and annual pay. Figures for median average pay tend to be less than for mean average.
ASHE Annual survey of hours and earnings here .
The updated (February 2014) figures for the bedroom tax in Cornwall as at November 2013 are:
Total number of claimants of housing benefit: 43 093
Claimants whose social rent housing benefit has been reduced: 2729
Average weekly benefit reduction: £13.51
(The reduction is applied only to relevant tenants in social housing. Housing benefit claimants are 21 152 tenants in private housing and 21 946 in social housing. The totals do not sum because of rounding.) SOURCE: Housing benefit caseload statistics December 2013
BENEFIT COSTS IN CORNWALL
In 2011/12 the costs (in £millions) of various benefits and allowances in Cornwall were:
Total £1479.4 million, made up of -
Attendance allowance £ 55.1 million, Bereavement/widows benefit 5.1, Carers allowance 16.4, Council tax benefit 46.5, Diability living allowance (DLA) 121.0, Employment and support allowance (ESA) 31.4, Housing benefit 178.0, Incapacity benefit 46.2, Income support 54.3, Job seekers allowance (JSA) 30.4, Pension credit 83.0, Severe disablement allowance 8.0, State pension 780.1, Winter fuel payments (WFP) 24.0. The total of these figures is in England 2011/12 was £131803 million. SOURCE Department of work and pensions (https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/benefit-expenditure-by-local-authority).
The second annual report on some cancer services and outcomes was published by the Department of Health on 1 December 2009. It includes data for Cornwall and Isles of Scilly primary care trust and the Royal Cornwall Hospitals Trust (RCHT) on pages 29, 46, and 67.
CHILDREN BORN IN CORNWALL
The ONS publishes the details for England and Wales of the numbers of live births to mothers who themselves were born in the United Kingdom or born outside the United Kingdom in each year. The figures for Cornwall (excluding the Isles of Scilly), with much lower percentages than for England as a whole, for the first and last years of the series are:
2008: 5423 live births, 92.4 percent of which were to mothers born inside the UK
2001: 4463 live births, 94.5 percent of which were to mothers born in the UK.
In 2010 there were 5558 live births in Cornwall: see table 1a ONS here.
The data is in tables 3a-3h on this ONS website which also gives separate figures for each of the former districts in Cornwall. [ONS]
Civil partnerships registered in Cornwall by year:
Sources: Lords Hansard 6 June 2011 column WA 15-16 (for years 2005-09) and ONS Civil partnership formations, Table 3.1 (for years 2008-2011)
CORNWALL COUNCIL EMPLOYMENT
The number of people employed by Cornwall Council was 20 994 (31 December 2009) and 16 367 (30 September 2011) [Graham Smith’s blog 20 January 2012 here.]
CORNWALL COUNCIL PAY
Some details of the total pay of the council’s employees getting at least £100 000 pa are summarised in Town hall rich list by the Taxpayers Alliance, 17 March 2011. Table 3 shows thirty two employees of Cornwall Council getting £100 000 pa or more in remuneration, including employer’s pension contributions, in 2009/10. This makes Cornwall, with Newcastle on Tyne, the council with the highest number of employees over this benchmark for the year.
CORNWALL DISABILITY SERVICES CUTS
A survey by Demos and Scope of how 152 local authorities in England are handling cuts to disability services puts Cornwall Council at 11th out of 152 (where 1st is best).
CORNWALL HEALTH SPENDING
In 2011-2012 the total revenue funding of Cornwall and Isles of Scilly (CIOS) primary care trust is £916.136 million. This is an increase of 3.1 percent over 2010-2011. The CIOS percapita funding is £1687 pa for 2011-2012. For England trusts as a whole the percapita spending is £1693, an increase of 3 .0 percent over 2010-2011. [See Department for health Exposition book 2011-2012. (scroll to the Exposition book). Also seeHansard 5 April 2011 column829W for net data.]
These are now published by the Independent parliamentary standards authority (IPSA) here.
At 31 March 2011 the total outstanding council tax arrears in Cornwall was £12 877 000 [DEP2012-1047 of 25 June 2012]. At 31 March 2014 the Cornwall arrears totalled £14 807 00; the average default in Cornwall was £57.30 per dwelling; there were 258 422 dwellings in Cornwall at September 2013; the collection rate of Cornwall council tax in 2013/14 was 97.13 percent [DEP2014-1366 of 22 October 2014]
At March 2012 the number of council tax benefit recipients in Cornwall was 54 170 (April 2011: 52 490). At January 2011 the recipients by Cornwall constituency were:
Camborne and Redruth 9760. North Cornwall 8130. South East Cornwall 7810. St Austell and Newquay 9870. St Ives (including Isles of Scilly) 9200. Truro and Falmouth 7800. [ DWPAdditional tables, updated regularly]
The IMD of 2007 show Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly at 69th out of 142 ‘counties, cities, and London boroughs’ in England, where 1st is the most deprived. The IMD puts the Cornwall and Isles of Scilly primary care trust (CIOS) area at 74th out of 152 trust areas where 1st is the most deprived.The IMD of 2010 show Cornwall unitary authority at 110 out of 326 local authorities (rank of average score).
The IMD 2007 give these results for the former districts of Cornwall out of 354 districts in England, the score 1st is the most deprived: Penwith 36th, Kerrier 86th, Restormel 89th, North Cornwall 96th, Carrick 120th, and Caradon 156th. The IMD 2010 do not include the former districts of Cornwall, by then abolished.
IMD deprivation varies vastly across Cornwall and the measurements for 32 482 subwards in England which are available show this clearly.
The Health Observatory website here has some deprivation data for Cornwall too. Also look at the data above for free school meals in Cornwall.
The estimate of the End Child Poverty campaign for mid-2010 was that 19 percent of children in Cornwall live in poverty, below the England average: read their definition. Data for Cornwall wards is given.
EDUCATION MAINTENANCE ALLOWANCE
At August 2011 there were 7647 recipients of the England education education allowance (EMA) in Cornwall. This is for 16-18 year olds to encourage them to stay on at school or college. EMA has since been abolished. [Source: Young people’s learning agency]
See this post of 27 January 2012 for details of the England bursary scheme and the Cornwall bursary scheme.
There were 9522 empty dwellings in Cornwall at 5 October 2010. Figures for previous years were October 2009: 9407; October 2008 for the six districts: 9012. [Hansard 14 May 2009 columns 998W-999W; Empty Homes Agency]
Percentage of primary and nursery pupils eligible for free school meals, January 2011:
England 18.0 (2010: 17.3)
Cornwall 14.1 (2010: 13.0)
Percentage of secondary pupils eligible for free school meals, January 2011:
England 14.6 (2010: 14.2)
Cornwall 10.8 (2010: 10.3)
[Scroll on the Education department web page to the
free school meals tables .]
The relationship of eligibility for free school meals and not gaining any GCSEs above grade D is given in DEP 2009-0918 of 19 March 2009 (Parliamentary Library).
Also see the data for deprivation below.
The percentage of pupils in individual schools eligible for free school meals at January 2009 is given in the Parliamentary Library deposited papers at DEP 2010-0089 for 11 January 2010. Cornwall LA number on the data sheet is 908.
The Department of energy and climate change (DECC) publishes data for households in fuel poverty. There are statistics for the numbers of households in fuel poverty for the six constituencies and 327 subwards in Cornwall in 2010.
Fuel poverty is defined as having to spend more than ten percent of income on a satisfactory heating regime: more details on the DECC website.
In Cornwall as whole in 2009 around 60 000 households were classed as in fuel poverty, about 26 percent of all households; in 2010 the figures were 44 706 and 19.1 percent.
GDP AND GVA
The latest GVA data for Cornwall and the Scillies was published by the ONS on 14 December 2011. Cornwall GVA perhead, current prices by workplace, was £13 129 in 2009. (£13 256 in 2008, £12 681 in 2007) which is 65.6 percent of the UK mean average (64.5 percent in 2008, 63.6 percent in 2007). Details from the ONS for 2009 are here (NUTS 2 subregions).
At March 2012 there were 42 680 recipients of housing benefit in Cornwall (April 2011: 40 590). At January 2011 numbers of recipients by constituency were:
Camborne and Redruth 7310. North Cornwall 6060. South East Cornwall 5910. St Austell and Newquay 8120. St Ives (including the Isles of Scilly) 7070. Truro and Falmouth 6070. [ DWP Additional tables, updated regularly]
In July 2010 there were 39 710 people in Cornwall claiming housing benefit of which 12 840 received local housing allowance, the housing benefit for people not in social/council housing but private rented accommodation. Note that the recipients are ‘benefit units’ who might be a single person or a couple. [Table 2 in DEP2010-1938 of 4 November 2010 in House of Commons library]
There was a total of 820 orders for mortgage and landlord repossessions in Cornwall (unitary authority and the Isles of Scilly) in 2011. The figure for martgage repossession orders only was 360. [Ministry of Justice: http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/statistics-and-data/civil-justice/mortgage-possession.htm%5D
In 2011/12 there were 505 mortgage repossession claims in Cornwall and the rate of repossession claims in Cornwall was 2.4 per 1000 houses; Cornwall was 235th out of 324 England local authorities (where 1 is worst). [Shelter]
HOUSING WAITING LISTS At the end of August 2013 were were about 28 600 households on the Cornwall unitary council housing waiting list. At 1 April 1997 there were 8124. The details from the Department of communities, by district and by years 1997-2012, are in Table 600 here. There are statistics for both the current Cornwall unitary authority and the former shire county. Read the explanation of the figures at the foot of the table. The current Cornwall details are here.
LANDFILL IN CORNWALL
Total municipal waste 324 480 tonnes
Total municipal waste sent to landfill 210 386 tonnes (64.84 percent of total municipal waste)
The average proportion of municipal waste sent to landfill for the 121 unitary and waste disposal authorities in England was 54.42 percent.
[Hansard 26 October 2009 column 50W-54W]
LAND USE IN CORNWALL
Details of land use in Cornwall are available for the six former districts and for wards. The categories are given in square metres for domestic buildings, nondomestic buildings, domestic gardens, roads, rail, paths, greenspace, water, other, and unclassified. The tables are at Census ward levels GLUD 2005 tables. GLUD means Generalised land use database. An explanatory document of the GLUD statistics is here.
LOOKED-AFTER CHILDREN IN CORNWALLAT 31 March 2012 there were 480 (to nearest five) children under eighteen who were in the care of Cornwall local authority. Figures for England were 67 050 (to nearest ten). The data is in Table LAA1 here and covers several past years.
LIFE EXPECTANCY IN CORNWALL
Life expectancy at birth in Cornwall 2009-2011: males 79.2 years, females 83.3 years (England: males 78.9, females 82.9). Cornwall ranks 57 out of 150 local authorities for both male and female life expectancy where 1 is best [ONS, ‘Healthy life expectancy at birth for upper tier local authorities’]. Healthy life runs at about 80 percent of the total years of life expectancy.
Statistics for Cornish towns is a booklet produced by the Office of National Statistics (ONS). The revised version is dated September 2009. It contains data about deprivation, the number and size of businesses, unemployment, and population. Read it through the South West Observatory here.The South West Observatory website also has other data.
South West Regional Development Agency (SWRDA) (now abolished) published in October 2009 Economic profile: issue 8 which discusses Cornwall’s economy in the recession on pages 20-25. Read it here.
NATIONAL LOTTERY IN CORNWALL
Since the National Lottery began in 1995 and up to September 2011, £265.745 million has been distributed in Cornwall.
Source: Department for culture, media, and sport
NOT IN EDUCATION, EMPLOYMENT, OR TRAINING
The number of young people aged 16-24 in Cornwall who are not in education, employment, or training (NEETS) was 6000 for January-December 2009. This was 12 percent of the age group. The Cornwall percentage is the 23rd lowest of the 148 local authorities listed. For the reliability of the figures, see the original. [Hansard 20 July 2010 column 303W]
PENSIONERS IN CORNWALL
There are about 137 000 old age pensioners in Cornwall (males aged 65 and over, females 60 and over, mid-2010). The full figures, including for both the county and the former districts, are in this zip file on the ONS website. [ONS]
A survey in 2008 by the Department for Communities and Local Government looked at people’s views of the locality and local services. Question 5 asked people how strongly they felt they belonged to their immediate neighbourhood. In the Cornwall area 66.5 percent said fairly or very strongly. This was 53rd out of 353 council areas, the largest percentage being at number 1.
[Department of Communities and Local Government Place survey 2008]
POPULATION OF CORNWALL INCLUDING ELECTORS
The estimated population of Cornwall, excluding the Isles of Scilly, at the 2011 census (27 March 2011) was 532 273.
There are various counts of people in Cornwall.
The Office for national statistics (ONS) has published electoral register statistics. They are up to date up to February 2014.
Cornwall local government electors: 409 639
Cornwall parliamentary electors: 406 887
(Parliamentary electors in Camborne and Redruth 64 769, North Cornwall 63 718, South East Cornwall 68 570, St Austell and Newquay 73 808, St Ives 65 736, Truro and Falmouth 70 286).
Patients registered with GPs in Cornwall and Isles of Scilly(Kernow Clinical Commissioning Group)
Clinical commissioning group population 2012: 555 917
All the electoral register figures include attainers, that is electors who attain the age of eighteen in the months after the compilation of the register.
The mid-year resident population aged 18 and over includes everyone whereas the electoral register includes only those eligible to vote and thus excludes some foreign citizens for example; people who move away are removed from the register but this may not be instantaneous.
The number of GP patients in England has regularly exceeded the population every year since 1961.
Reasons for excess population on GP lists are given here: some patients are registered with more than one practice, some have more than one NHS number, some patients remain on the list after they have died or moved abroad, and the effectiveness of the removal of ex-patients varies.
The per-pupil dedicated schools grant (DSG) for 2011-12 includes various other grants and is now known as GUFS, guaranteed units of funding. For 2011-12 GUFS include the 2010-11 DSG at the same cash level plus the other grants. For 2011-12 Cornwall per pupil GUF is £4663.54, made up of £4042.72 DSG 2010-11 and £620.82 other relevant 2010-11 grants.
Details are here at the excel file GUFS 2011-12.
In terms of per pupil funding for 2011-12 Cornwall is 134th out of 151 authorities (that is at the 12th percentile); seventeen authorities have lower GUF funding than Cornwall. The average England per pupil GUF 2011-12 is £5082.53. Any pupil premium for individual pupils and students is additional to GUF.
The dedicated schools grant (DSG) began in 2006/07 and earlier per pupil allocations are not directly comparable. Before 2006/07 schools were funded largely through the formula grant which, apart from the DSG, is the main grant from central government to local authorities.
PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT 2013
The numbers of employees working in the public sector and the proportion of the workforce they account for by constituency for 2013. The data is work-placed based not by residence in the constituency.
Source: House of Commons Library Standard Note SN/EP/5635 based on the Business register and employment survey (BRES).
number, percentage of local workforce
Camborne and Redruth 4500, 16.5 percent
North Cornwall 4800, 13.7 percent
St Austell and Newquay 5700, 16.1 percent
St Ives 4500, 16.2 percent
South East Cornwall 3400, 14.2 percent
Truro and Falmouth 11 400, 24.8 percent
PUPIL PREMIUM IN CORNWALL
The pupil premium began in 2011/12. It has three components for deprivation (broadly eligibility for free school meals); military service children; looked-after children.In 2012/13 the amounts for each pupil were increased and the eligibility for the deprivation component was widened.
In 2011/12 10 690 pupils in Cornwall state-funded schools, including academies, qualified for a pupil premium with a total funding of £4.741 million; that is, 16.4 percent of all pupils in those schools. In 2012/13 the provisional figure is 16 050 pupils (24.6 percent) and £9.049 million. [ Department for Education]
RELIGION IN CORNWALL AT 2011 CENSUS
The 2011 census in table QS210EW gave the following: Christians 318 357, 59.8 percent of the population of Cornwall; Other religions 9480, 1.8 percent; No religion 159 080, 29.9 percent; Religion not stated 45 356, 8.5 percent.
SCHOOL PLACE APPEALS IN CORNWALL
In 2007/08 there were 277 appeals by parents against the non-admission of their child to their preferred primary school in Cornwall; 75 were successful. For secondary schools in Cornwall the figures are 405 and 151.
8183 children were admitted to Cornwall primary schools September 2007-January 2008 and 6514 to secondary schools in the same period.
[Department for children, families, and schools: here (scroll to table 3)]
The number of fulltime-equivalent schoolteachers in Cornwall maintained at January 2010 was 2190 in secondary schools and 1930 in nursery and primary schools and 120 in special schools: total 4240 (including 170 unqualified teachers). There were 1490 secondary teaching assistants and other secondary support staff and 2000 primary ones. The school workforce data is here. The cost of employing teachers in Cornwall Council maintained schools for 2008-2009 was £18.87 million and for teaching assistants £4.646 million (Hansard 27 October 2010 column 364W-368W). The average teacher salary in Cornwall in £36 000 in 2009 (website above). All the figures are for fulltime-equivalent staff.
Second homes in Cornwall (excluding Scillies) totalled 14 095 in 2010, 5.6 percent of the housing stock, based on council tax [House of Commons Library DEP2010-2186 of 6 December 2010]. In 2004 there were 13 509 second homes. The DEP data gives district totals and percentages for 2004-2008.
In terms of numbers of second homes in 2008 North Cornwall was 7th out of 354 England authorities, Penwith 15th, Carrick 24th, Caradon 26th, Restormel 30th, and Kerrier 47th. These positions represent numbers of second homes not percentages of housing stock.
The estimated cost of the second homes discount in Cornwall was £2 067 000 [Department for Communities and Local Government local authority council tax database 2011: Parliamentary Library, DEP 2012-0644, 17 April 2012]
SMOKING MOTHERS IN CORNWALL
The Health and social care information centre (HSCIC) publishes quarterly and annual statistics on the number and percentage of mothers who are smoking at the time of delivery. For 2012/13 the Cornwall percentage was 13.8, the England percentage 12.7. See here. The Cornwall and England statistics show a decline in mothers smoking at the time of delivery over the decade. In 2005/06 the Cornwall figure was 19.9 percent.
SOCIAL CLASS IN CORNWALL
The 2011 census in QS611EW, approximate social grade, gives the proportions of people in Cornwalll (aged 16-64 in households) in social groups: AB 18.3 percent, C1 28.7 percent, C2 27.2 percent, DE 25.8 percent. [2011 census, ONS]
SURE START IN CORNWALL
At the end of October 2009 there were thirty seven Sure Start Centres in Cornwall.
[ Hansard 14 December 2009 column 702W]
TEENAGE PREGNANCIES IN CORNWALL
In 2009 there were 292 conceptions to under-18 girls in Cornwall, 30.5 per 1000 girls in Cornwall aged 15-17. In England the average was 38.2 per 1000 (45.5 per 1000 in 1997 in England). [Source: Hansard 12 December 2011 column 517W which gives the data for every primary local authority]
UNEMPLOYMENT: JSA CLAIMANTS
All JSA claimants in Cornwall and Isles of Scilly. November 2014: 4553, 1.4 percent of resident population aged 16-64 (October 2014: 4357, 1.3 percent. November 2013: 6930, 2.1 percent)[ONS Nomis].
Cornwall and Scillies youth claimant count (resident population aged 18-24). November 2014: 1250 (October 2014: 1185. November 2013: 2020) [ONS Nomis]
The 2013 contribution-based jobseekers allowance (JSA) broadly is £71.70 a week for people aged 25 and over 25 and £56.25 a week for people aged 16 to 24. The value of the income-based JSA is different. For details see here.
The jobseekers claimant count is not a measure of unemployment but of people claiming the benefit who must be, inter alia, available for work and actively seeking work.
This website gives details of jobseeker claimant counts over time for Cornwall:
This website gives details of the youth claimant counts over time in Cornwall:
These are general labour statistics for Cornwall and Scilly:
The latest labour force survey data, a measure of employment/unemployment, is for October 2011-September 2012: http://www.nomisweb.co.uk/reports/lmp/la/1967128581/subreports/ea_time_series/report.aspx
UNCOLLECTED DOMESTIC AND NON-DOMESTIC LOCAL TAXES
For 2009/10 the total of uncollected council tax in Cornwall was £5.967 million (2.5 percent of the total due) and uncollected non-domestic rates £3.635 million (2. 9 percent) [GMB union 22 July 2010]
UNIVERSITY COLLEGE FALMOUTH: SOCIO-ECONOMIC BACKGROUND OF STUDENTS
Socio-economic data about first degree students entering University College, Falmouth in 2008/09 has been published by the Higher education statistics agency (HESA). It is available at the Guardian here: Falmouth is number 35 in the second table or scroll to Download the full spreadsheet where Falmouth is number 44.
31.6 percent of the first degree Falmouth entrants were working class, that is the occupation of the senior working parent was in a routine or manual occupation (groups 4, 5, 6, and 7 in National Statistics: socio-economic classification). The mean average for all England universities was 32.4 percent. The working class made up about 37 percent of the UK population (ONS).
The average bills for the different England companies for 2009/10 to 2013/14 are given in DEP2013-1980 of 9 December 2013. All are lower than South West’s.
WIND FARM CAPACITY FACTOR IN CORNWALL 2009
The nine wind farm developments in Cornwall in 2009 had an average output of 22.37% of their capacity.
[Michael Jefferson, professor of International Business and Sustainability at the London Metropolitan Business School cited here and here.]
WORK CAPABILITY: REASSESSMENT FOR ESA
People assessed as unfit for work are being reassessed. Between October 2010 and July 2011 in England 37 percent were reassessed as fit for work and 63 percent as eligible for employment support allowance (ESA). In Cornwall (excluding the Isles of Scilly) the figures were 34 percent fit for work and 66 percent eligible for ESA. Details are given by the Department for work and pensions in an excel spreadsheet dated 20 April 2012 here.
These data and research pages on the website site of Cornwall unitary council carry very much societal data about Cornwall.
ASHE Annual survey of hours and earnings (http://www.statistics.gov.uk/statBase/product.asp?vlnk=13101)
DEP Deposited parliamentary papers (http://deposits.parliament.uk)
ONS Office for National Statistics
A useful website for understanding local government language is: http://localgovglossary.wikispaces.com/
Health and welfare data for Cornwall is available from Public Health Observatories here.
16 December 2014
This is an updated list at 16 December 2014 of current prospective parliamentary candidates for Cornwall seats at the 7 May 2015 general election. There are probably more to be selected and the election’s five months away so things may change. I have assumed all the present MPs are standing again.
Camborne and Redruth
Conservative: George Eustice MP
Green: Geoff Garbett
Labour: Michael Foster
Liberal Democrat: Julia Goldsworthy
MK: Loveday Jenkin
UKIP: Robert Smith
April 2014: The MK candidate for Camborne and Redruth was Mike Champion but he has resigned from MK
UKIP candidate David Evans was deselected: West Briton 15 October 2014
Conservative: Scott Mann
Green: Amanda Pennington
Liberal Democrat: Dan Rogerson MP
South East Cornwall
Conservative: Sheryll Murray MP
Green: Martin Corney
Liberal Democrat: Phil Hutty
MK: Andrew Long
UKIP: Stephanie McWilliam
St Austell and Newquay
Conservative: Steve Double
Green: Steve Slade
Labour: Deborah Hopkins
Liberal Democrat: Stephen Gilbert MP
St Ives and Isles of Scilly
Conservative: Derek Thomas
Green: Tim Andrewes
Labour: Cornelius Olivier
Liberal Democrat: Andrew George MP
MK: Rob Simmons
UKIP: Graham Calderwood
Truro and Falmouth
Conservative: Sarah Newton MP
Green: Sharron Kelsey
Independent: Loic Rich
Labour: Hanna Toms
Liberal Democrat: Simon Rix
MK: Stephen Richardson
UKIP: John Hyslop
13 December 2014
The superfluity of words in the unitary council’s hazy draft document, the Case for Cornwall, boils down to two demands: give us more money and let us spend it as we choose, though of course the demands are not put in so candid a form. The ‘we’ is the unitary councillors. Always ask Who decides? and do not be blinded by first person plurality.
Note that this is seeking the enhancement of local government, not the semi-independence of political Cornish nationalism.
How much more money is sought? How will it be spent and for what purposes? Ah, let us see.
Present deficiencies in Cornwall
The document lists some of the well-known present deficiencies in Cornwall such as low paid work, seasonal work, low productivity, unemployment, modest educational achievements of many, high house prices. As it says, “Our economy is underperforming”.
It lists the work the empowered council will do such as focusing on low wages levels, improving skill levels, providing affordable and decent housing, providing private sector investment, improving productivity, even tackling inequality.
It is a noble list: these are the ills and we shall cure them with more money and more powers to decide what to do.
Yes, yes, but how? How will the council – probably eventually called an assembly like London’s – grow the economy of Cornwall? How will it increase low wages? Provide affordable housing? Improve skill levels? Improve productivity? Provide private sector investment? Reduce unemployment? How will it reduce inequality? How will it increase life expectancy in areas of Cornwall where it is low? How?
There is a difference between glittering generalities and concrete plans. No one would dissent significantly from the diagnosis, what needs tackling though I think many would doubt the self-confidence of the present council that overflows in the document. However, if the council wishes to command belief it must explain how it would do these things. It is exact in identifying some sources for the money it wants; it must also be exact in explaining exactly how it would use that money and those powers, if it got them, to realise its goals.
This supposes that there is a link between local government empowerment and more funds on the one hand and economic growth and social goods on the other. I do not think that link has been convincingly demonstrated in reality or theory. The council’s response earlier this year to the inquiry on fiscal devolution to cities and city regions struck me as an unconvincing account of the link.
How much money?
The council’s response to the above inquiry also sets out its serious lack of knowledge on the possibilities of financial self-sufficiency in Cornwall: “We have been unable to assess the level of information that we need to create a comprehensive picture of income and expenditure for Cornwall”.
Downsizing local government
I have another concern. The document robotically calls for “fairer funding” for Cornwall, not an objective and absolute figure as the immediately above section shows but the code for unsatisfactory comparisons and more money, but the austere future will be less funding. There is scant recognition in the document that local government is changing in this time of austerity; vast cuts in funds are quietly and radically downsizing it, reducing it, withering it. The ability to deliver public services at a reasonable level is being compromised. The document scarcely explains the future will be pared down and does not assure us that there are worked out plans that take that into account in the devolution demands. The document does not explain how a downsized, underfunded Cornwall Council will deliver its goals.
I think the document also fails to acknowledge that it is describing the current contingent economic model not an essential one. It places too much reliance on what it calls Cornwall’s “defined geography”, an extraordinarily narrow perspective in the vicinal and cooperative world of 2014. The incoherence is realised as there is an anxious assurance that the isolationism isn’t isolationist and the council works with other bodies outside “defined” Cornwall.
The council’s view of itself in the document is not only too self-confident; it disregards the concern that it disregards the interests of Cornwall’s far flung parts. There are complaints that the council is over-focused on Truro. The council’s own localist agenda amounts to little more than offloading difficult services such public lavatories, more cloacalism than localism.
The draft document was accompanied by political nationalist ideas: “The Cornish have minority status, we have one heritage.” I understand pride in Cornishness but the political nationalism is a misdirection of reality in the county. In the 2011 census 59 percent of people in Cornwall gave their nationality as solely English; 10 percent gave it as exclusively Cornish. The heritage of the majority of people in Cornwall includes far more than only Cornwall. The document should acknowledge the diversity in Cornwall, the value of all nationalities and cultures in Cornwall, and explain the place of English people and culture in its devolved Cornwall.
Of course political nationalism may be being used only as a marketing tool for an economic devolution argument, a bolster for that argument; perhaps Cornish is intended to mean everyone who lives in Cornwall. But consider that bit in the document about cornishing English Heritage in the county. Why? What is the justification for this? None is given. What would be the practical difference if a local organisation ran the Cornwall sites? None whatever apart perhaps from some partisan history; it is naked, pointless, petty, tribal political nationalism.
7 December 2014
Any words from me would be … but compare and contrast
House of Lords insists on its expensive subsidised champagne
Observer 7 December 2014
Archbishop of Canterbury excoriates poverty and hunger in Britain
Mail on Sunday 7 December 2014
6 December 2014
A Tory prime minister
A Tory chancellor, a Tory home secretary, a Tory education secretary, a Tory health secretary, a Tory foreign secretary, a Tory agriculture secretary, a Tory defence secretary, Tories in charge of work and pensions, local government, transport, justice, environment, universities, planning, culture and sport…oh, and you got the bedroom tax and food banks
All propped up by the Liberal Democrats
1 December 2014
Update at the foot of this post
A while ago I noted the failure of Libdem MPs in Cornwall to support a Labour motion on help for private tenants. Read my post Helping or hindering private tenants (6 August 2014) on the motion. The Labour motion called for three year tenancies to replace the present default six-month ones, the banning of letting fees for tenants, and the banning of excessive rent rises for people on the longer tenancies. It was a balanced and progressive motion promoting social justice.
Andrew George (Libdem, St Ives) voted against the progressive Labour motion; votes are not recorded for the other two Libdem MPs from Cornwall, Stephen Gilbert (St Austell and Newquay) and Dan Rogerson (North Cornwall).
On 28 November 2014 the Commons debated the second reading of the Tenancies (Reform) Bill of the Libdem MP Sarah Teather which outlawed retaliatory eviction, eviction after a tenant had complained about unsafe or unhealthy conditions in the rented place. Read the debate here. It had support from all the main parties and the government said it supported its passing the second reading. It was talked out by two Tory MPs, not enough MPs being present to end the debate and have a second reading vote, and it will now reappear on 5 December.
Two MPs from Cornwall were present and voted for a closure motion and a vote on the bill. They were Stephen Gilbert, who proposed the closure motion, and George Eustice (Conservative, Camborne and Redruth). Gilbert spoke strongly in favour of the bill.
Votes on 28 November on this progressive bill, which will help private renters, are not recorded for the other two Libdems, Andrew George (St Ives) and Dan Rogerson (North Cornwall). As I note above, in June George had voted against the Labour motion for longer tenancies and banning letting fees and excessive rent rises and no vote was recorded for Rogerson.
In the Lords on 24 November 2014 the Tories and Libdems opposed (division 3) a Labour amendment to the Consumer Rights Bill which would ban double fees and letting fees for tenants; the debate begins at column 755. Of peers associated with Cornwall, Labour’s Brenda Dean and Tony Berkeley voted for the amendment; Libdem Judith Jolly, Robin Teverson, and Paul Tyler voted against. All the 52 Libdems voting opposed the amendment.
In the Lords debate on the Labour amendment the government specifically mentioned its support for the Teather bill against retaliatory eviction up for its second reading a few days later (column 761). Well, that didn’t work and it will be interesting to see what the government does now.
So which party supports private tenants?
Labour has pressed hard for changes to the law that would help private renters. Apart from Stephen Gilbert on 28 November, parliamentary Libdems from Cornwall have failed to support private tenants in the two debates I have looked at here.
Also look at Replacing lost homes: how Cornwall MPs voted 1 September 2014.
Update 9 December 2014
The obstruction of Sarah Teather’s bill to prevent retaliatory eviction has led to a preventing amendment proposed by Libdems to the Deregulation Bill in the Lords.
28 November 2014
Time for a reminder that London and the southeast, those replete ogres and fatcat monsters of Cornish political nationalist and piranist fantasy, are not of a piece. There is poverty and deprivation there too.
First, here is a recent report on a London from the Centre for London telling a story that many in Cornwall appear not to know about: Hollow promise: how London fails people on modest incomes and what should be done about it (September 2014). And there’s London’s poverty profile 2013 another account of poverty in the golden streets.
Second, here are a couple of reports on poverty in Kent in the southeast:
I mentioned recently the comparison made by John Pollard, the leader of Cornwall Council, of rural Cornwall with pampered urban Hackney in London and showed how deprived many people, adults and children, in Hackney were. Last year in the post Mirror, mirror, on the wall, where’s the poorest of us all I pointed out that it is part of a ward in Essex that is the poorest of us all.
The UK government has cut its funds to Cornwall Council (and other councils) and the Council has in turn had to cut its spending on most services. I think we are seeing a fundamental rejigging of local government in England that is spasmodic, unplanned, and undiscussed. Anyway, Newcastle council has compared the cuts 2010/11-2013/14 for each council in England. You can access the data here; and it also gives the 2010 rankings for the Index of multiple deprivation (IMD) of each local authority.
Note that Cornwall has had cash cuts of £95.16 per person during 2010/11-1014/15. That puts Cornwall at 120 out of 324 local authorities (where 1 is worst). As I have written so many times, Cornwall is not uniquely deprived and poor; there are many places in England (and the rest of the UK) that experience more deprivation; and Cornwall is not singled out for unfair funding.
Back to the Pollard comparison: let me point out that the Newcastle data shows that Hackney had a cut of £337.91 per person, that is the largest cash cut of the 324.
Yes, there is great wealth for some people in parts of London and the southeast; there is also great poverty. The Cornwall county flag may be black and white but life seldom is.